Saskatoon Berry, Serviceberry, June Berry, Juneberry, Shad-Bush

Amelanchier alnifolia

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Amelanchier (am-uh-LAN-kee-er) (Info)
Species: alnifolia (al-nee-FOH-lee-uh) (Info)




Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)


12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)


USDA Zone 2a: to -45.5 C (-50 F)

USDA Zone 2b: to -42.7 C (-45 F)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us



Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.1 to 5.5 (strongly acidic)

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Scarify seed before sowing

Seed Collecting:

Remove fleshy coating on seeds before storing

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds

Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Forest Falls, California

Welaka, Florida

Firth, Idaho

Aurora, Illinois

Chicago, Illinois

Des Plaines, Illinois

Washington, Illinois

Taylorsville, Kentucky

Lachine, Michigan

Alexandria, Minnesota

Andover, Minnesota

Browning, Montana

Belfield, North Dakota

Medora, North Dakota

Salem, Oregon

Troy, Pennsylvania

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

Austin, Texas

College Station, Texas

South Jordan, Utah

Appomattox, Virginia

Portsmouth, Virginia

Battle Ground, Washington

Cherry Grove, Washington

Dollar Corner, Washington

Lewisville, Washington

Meadow Glade, Washington

Spokane, Washington

Vancouver, Washington

Venersborg, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Dec 3, 2013, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

A neat, handsome shrub usually about 5 to 6 ft high. I planted two at my first house west of Chicago, and they did well. Pretty white flowers in April and the fruit is delicious like other serviceberry species borne in June. Like other serviceberry, it grows well in acid or slightly alkaline soil of pH 5.0 to 7.5. Full sun is best, especially for flowers and fruit.


On Jul 3, 2011, Gabrielle from (Zone 5a) wrote:

Blooms April-May in my garden and fruits ripen in June. Fruit resembles blueberries, but not as flavorful. The birds do enjoy them.


On Feb 7, 2010, Indigokitty from College Station, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

I had this shrub growing in near deep shade in the woods. Still got good color in the fall. It grows wild around here.


On Aug 13, 2009, Lilypon from Moose Jaw, SK (Zone 3b) wrote:

I wouldn't worry too much about those cyanide like toxins (unless one has severe allergies maybe) re human consumption. I have never heard of anyone here getting cyanide poisoning from eating the raw fruit.

In Saskatchewan people gorge themselves on raw Saskatoons from a very early age until they die (my grandmothers and grandfathers lived to their late 80's mid 90's with excellent health until the very end and they ate pails full of the raw berries every summer.


On Jan 10, 2008, cowgirlgardener from Firth, ID wrote:

These berries are great in pies, pancakes, puddings,muffins, etc. However, WARNING! The leaves and pits contain poisonous cyanide-like compounds. Cooking or drying destroys these toxins.
Taste similar to blueberries.


On Sep 17, 2004, tcfromky from Mercer, PA (Zone 5a) wrote:

This plant is also known as a Juneberry. The self-fertile fruits can be eaten right off the tree. Also lovely leaves in autumn. It only gets to about 6' tall, too.