Carolina Modiola, Carolina Bristle-mallow, Creeping Mallow, Red-flowered Mallow

Modiola caroliniana

Family: Malvaceae (mal-VAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Modiola (mo-DY-oh-la) (Info)
Species: caroliniana (kair-oh-lin-ee-AN-uh) (Info)



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round


under 6 in. (15 cm)

6-12 in. (15-30 cm)

12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:


Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring

Mid Spring

Late Spring/Early Summer





Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow after last frost

By simple layering

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Toney, Alabama

Atlantic Beach, Florida

Cornelia, Georgia

Poplarville, Mississippi

Oriental, North Carolina

Pocola, Oklahoma

Greenville, South Carolina

Austin, Texas

Dallas, Texas

Houston, Texas

Huntsville, Texas

Leander, Texas

Pipe Creek, Texas

Round Rock, Texas

San Antonio, Texas

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Nov 1, 2016, juliedawes from Brisbane,
Australia wrote:

I have been trying to identify this WEED for a long time. We have 10 acres and I have spent many "happy " hours pulling it out. To no avail.
It is VERY invasive in our paddocks and uses valuable grazing space.
Don't be fooled by the pretty flower.
If you have this plant, deal with it before it seeds and infests your neighborhood.


On Jun 11, 2014, PamHou from Houston, TX wrote:

A weed is anything you don't want. St Augustine grass is a weed, when it's growing where you don't want it.

I think this is a pretty little plant. In my experience, it's not the least bit invasive (Houston, Texas) but is found scattered in limited numbers throughout pastureland. Want to plant it in an area currently growing only grassburs and nutgrass.


On Apr 21, 2012, D3VNT from Round Rock, TX wrote:

It's a WEED, pure and simple. Finally ID-ed it today, and shocked to see Dave's has it listed.


On Mar 30, 2012, victorengel from Austin, TX wrote:

There are a couple of orange wildflowers that I've seen growing around work and public places, and I've always wondered what they were. I really do like them. It seems that I finally have an ID. Yeah!

I really like this little plant. I can't comment on its weedy tendency. A weed is something you don't want. If this were growing in my yard, I'd want it. For now, though, I'll just enjoy seeing it growing around town.


On Sep 10, 2007, pegscam from Amsterdam,
Netherlands wrote:

I've been growing this - or something very like it - for a few years in Amsterdam in the Netherlands. I'm curious for more information because I see that it's mostly regarded as a weed with VERY small flowers wheras the flowers on mine are about 1.5inches (3cm) across and it's been making a very pretty show which I've enjoyed all this summer from late May to late August. The first garden I tried it in was too wet, but it loves the sunny border it's in at the moment. I can see it could be invasive, but for a dry border where it has no opportunity to roam far I'd say it's a winner. I'll be trying it in a similar border - dryish and sunny against a S facing wall in Northumberland (UK) next summer. Any idea why my flowers are so big? Is it a different variety?


On Apr 30, 2006, TrixieM from Mc Call Creek, MS wrote:

This plant grows wild on our property in fairly nutrient depleted soils. It grows rapidly and spreads in all directions. Each arm grows roots and establishes new plants. Roundup will kill off the top part of it, but it has so many underground parts, it does not get it all. It also drops seeds from the dried out flowers.

If someone offers you this plant, RUN! It is EXTREMELY invasive.