Wingstem, Yellow Ironweed

Verbesina alternifolia

Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Verbesina (ver-bes-SIGH-nuh) (Info)
Species: alternifolia (al-tern-ee-FOH-lee-uh) (Info)



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round


36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)


Unknown - Tell us


USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade

Light Shade


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Bright Yellow

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall



Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:

Collect seedhead/pod when flowers fade; allow to dry


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Cordele, Georgia

Urbana, Illinois

Flora, Indiana

Solsberry, Indiana

Cole Camp, Missouri

Frenchtown, New Jersey

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Chester Springs, Pennsylvania

Greensburg, Pennsylvania

Millersburg, Pennsylvania

Valencia, Pennsylvania

Leesburg, Virginia

Liberty, West Virginia

Thiensville, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Dec 30, 2015, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

This is a tough tall plant from the tall grass prairie, and can reach 8' high under garden conditions. The strong winged stems never lodge and remain erect through the winter.

The small yellow daisy flower heads come in August to October in large terminal clusters. The ray flowers sometimes fail to develop, and this perennial has been criticized as not having enough flower power for the mixed border. Piet Oudolf admires it for the meadow garden.

Highly adaptable, best in full sun. Hardy in Z4. The flowers feed bees and butterflies, and the seedheads attract birds. No serious pest or disease problems.

This species may self-sow.


On Aug 16, 2015, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

I just discovered this nice native perennial growing wild in the Blinky Lee Land Preserve in southeast PA in August 2015 in restored native meadow, full of Big Bluestem grass. It looks as though it does not lodge even though it is a tall perennial, staying upright. Its leaves and stems are very rough to the touch. Its stems look interesting being winged much of the length. The leaves are alternate. A Field Guide To Wildflowers by Peterson & McKenny use the generic name of Actinomeris, but since it is so similar to the Crown-Beards of Verbesina that the change of name seems good to me. Its foliage is bitter, so deer and rabbits don't feed on it, but there are some beneficial insects that do and not badly. The flowers are good for pollinating insects and the seed is eaten by birds. It likes ... read more


On Jun 9, 2011, Kim_M from Hamburg, PA (Zone 6b) wrote:

This Plant is a Nice Fall Bloomer. It Does Not Like the Sun so plant it in shade.