Species Orchid, Hardy Ground Orchid, Striped Bletilla, Urn Orchid, Bletilla

Bletilla striata

Family: Orchidaceae (or-kid-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Bletilla (bleh-TIL-uh) (Info)
Species: striata (stree-AH-tuh) (Info)
Synonym:Bletia gebina
Synonym:Bletia hyacinthina
Synonym:Bletia striata
Synonym:Bletilla elegantula
Synonym:Bletilla gebina
View this plant in a garden



Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Light Shade





Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


12-15 in. (30-38 cm)


USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us



Bloom Color:

Magenta (pink-purple)

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Other details:

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Huntsville, Alabama

Ashdown, Arkansas

Blytheville, Arkansas

Booneville, Arkansas

Albany, California

Amesti, California

Brentwood, California

Corralitos, California

Elkhorn, California

Fremont, California

Fresno, California

Interlaken, California

Laguna Niguel, California

Long Beach, California

Martinez, California

Merced, California

Modesto, California

Oakland, California

Pajaro, California

Perris, California

Sacramento, California(3 reports)

Salinas, California

San Jose, California

Santa Barbara, California

Vallejo, California

Vista, California(9 reports)

Walnut Creek, California

Watsonville, California

Clifton, Colorado

Monument, Colorado

East Haddam, Connecticut

Daytona Beach, Florida

Homestead, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida

North Port, Florida

Orlando, Florida

Tallahassee, Florida

Valparaiso, Florida

Hinesville, Georgia

Jesup, Georgia

Lula, Georgia

Carbondale, Illinois

Lawrence, Kansas

Hebron, Kentucky

Louisville, Kentucky

Taylorsville, Kentucky

Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Belle Rose, Louisiana

Folsom, Louisiana

Madisonville, Louisiana

Merryville, Louisiana

College Park, Maryland

Roslindale, Massachusetts

Grand Rapids, Michigan(2 reports)

Ludington, Michigan

Royal Oak, Michigan

Madison, Mississippi

Reno, Nevada

Montclair, New Jersey

Brevard, North Carolina

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Raleigh, North Carolina

Chesterland, Ohio

Cincinnati, Ohio

Cleveland, Ohio

Claremore, Oklahoma

Cottage Grove, Oregon

Portland, Oregon

Salem, Oregon

Fayetteville, Pennsylvania

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

Beaufort, South Carolina

Blythewood, South Carolina

Clarks Hill, South Carolina

Conway, South Carolina

Elgin, South Carolina

Greenville, South Carolina

Collierville, Tennessee

Erwin, Tennessee

Nashville, Tennessee

Austin, Texas

Coppell, Texas

Dallas, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas

Gilmer, Texas

Houston, Texas

Humble, Texas

Livingston, Texas

Missouri City, Texas

Murchison, Texas

San Antonio, Texas(2 reports)

Ogden, Utah

South Jordan, Utah

Spanish Fork, Utah

Alexandria, Virginia

Ashburn, Virginia

Lexington, Virginia

Newport News, Virginia

Anacortes, Washington

Bellevue, Washington

Kalama, Washington

Puyallup, Washington

Vancouver, Washington(2 reports)

Woodinville, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Oct 12, 2021, RosinaBloom from Waihi,
New Zealand (Zone 1) wrote:

Bletilla striata is also known as Hyacinth orchid or Chinese ground orchid.


On Nov 17, 2020, JennysGarden_TN from Collierville, TN wrote:

This plant returns to my zone 7b garden here in Memphis, TN every year.


On Jun 19, 2011, Mikeatle from Erwin, TN wrote:

I had this little orchid gem growing in my East Tennessee garden for over twenty years. I planted it under a couple of dogwoods with some purple azaleas nearby. Apparently, it loved the spot because it spread over the years so that each spring there were dozens of flower spikes. The only problem we had with Bletilla was that it normally got a very quick start in the spring, sometimes sending up early leaves in late February. I always kept fabric row cover handy for covering it on chilly nights, which was really the only "work" required to keep the plant happy. When we moved, we did not take any of the Bletilla with us; however, I know that the new homeowners have kept it growing. In all, the plant has been happily growing in that semi-shady spot for close to thirty years.


On Oct 20, 2010, galberras from Woodinville, WA wrote:

My daughter grows these in hard clay and morning sun in Spanish Fork, Utah. They are buried in snow over the winter and kept moist in the summer and are very happy and beautiful. I agree that they have to be divided every 2-3 years. I had mine in a pot in Seattle, but my friend has them all over her yard, also in this area. They are very pretty and fragrant.


On May 7, 2010, amscram from Baton Rouge, LA (Zone 8b) wrote:

From two or three tubers planted 10 years ago I now have a rather large stand of these in my garden - and they are showy! Visitors unvariably are drawn to them.

The only problem is that they start sending shoots up in early January (down here in the deep South), and they are frost-sensitive, which means that I have to cover them with blankets and whatnot on cold nights. This past January we had a few nights down to 20 degrees and even the blankets didn't help - thus, only about a third of the flower buds survived.


On Apr 23, 2010, autrevie from Houston, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

I've been growing this species in different states (NJ-NC-LA-TX) for 30+ years. Bletilla striata appears to tolerate and re-bloom in a wide variety of climates and temperature zones. I now grow clumps outside in Houston, both in beds (amid ferns and bright shade) and in pots. It blooms here every March, sometimes even in late February. Bletilla striata alba also does well. Remember to fertilize!
Bletilla ochracea (the yellow species) is much less robust and I have had problems growing it here in Gulf coast. Perhaps it really requires cooler weather?


On Nov 9, 2009, leiannec from Oakland, CA wrote:

This plant does well in both shade and part shade--seems pretty tough in this climate. Nice to see it come back every year.


On May 4, 2009, MonaBarcs from Livingston, TX wrote:

In my experience this plant is pretty hardy. I've had it over 6 years, it's barely in any soil and got nearly choked out by grass, and this spring it began blooming again. Last spring it did not bloom. I'm watering it twice weekly and it does seem to prefer to be in dappled sun rather than full sun. I'm about to seperate it and put it in better soil so it will grow better and hopefully spread.


On Mar 27, 2009, thida from Fremont, CA wrote:

They do not like the dry hot California sun. I grow them in the shady spot along with other parennials Forget-me-not, Begonia, Fusia, Foxglove, and annual Immapatients in my SF Bayarea northern CA.


On Aug 15, 2008, bahakiwi from Port Orange, FL wrote:

I have a tricky spot around our walkway where it gets part sun and it floods dreadfully. I have not found any plants to survive in it except for lilyturf so when I planted these flowers, I had low expectations. I did not amend the soil and to be honest, I have not checked on them since I planted them a month ago. Last week, I noticed some beautiful purple flowers on one of them and I could not believe it. Finally, some success and even better, it is an orchid, which are stunning. I don't know how they will stand up to our winters yet but it is doing great so far in the summer.


On Mar 30, 2008, jjoyner62 from Newport News, VA wrote:

Contrary to the above notation, Bletillas are easily grown from seed sown in much the same manner as gesneriads. Flasking, the usual method of sowing orchid seeds, is apparently not necessary for this genus. I've been having very good luck with raising seedlings almost to the bloom stage in three years since making the original crosses. I'm looking forward to doing much more hybridizing among the species, variants, and hybrids in my collection.


On Dec 10, 2006, Marilynbeth from Hebron, KY wrote:

Love it! It's a joy seeing the beautiful 'purple' flowers every Spring. I started with one root around 1998 and left it alone and it has now multiplied to about 10 or 12 'stalks' coming out of the ground. It gets the morning sun and seems happy where it is.


On May 27, 2006, sladeofsky from Louisville, KY (Zone 6b) wrote:

I originally had this plant in clay in a partly sunny sight. It barely grew. So I excavated the clay and replaced the top 8" with composted peat. Wow, what a difference! Now it blooms hardily and has spread to make a nice clump. I add my daily coffee grinds and some pine straw throughout the year to keep the organic matter high.


On May 11, 2006, EandEsmom from Ashburn, VA (Zone 7a) wrote:

I love this plant, so pretty and a nice shade of purple when it blooms. I wish this plant would spread faster. I have it is part to full shade and it does great. I started with only one stalk 3 years ago and now it has several. A very underused plant.


On May 2, 2005, ladyannne from Merced, CA (Zone 9a) wrote:

A precious, delicate beauty, slow to populate, and always a joy to see in spring. It blooms for a lengthy time (over a month) but I wish it could multiply a bit faster. Neglect works fine here.


On Mar 25, 2005, JaxFlaGardener from Jacksonville, FL (Zone 8b) wrote:

I planted three varieties of this ground orchid last year ('hyacintha' - purple, 'alba' - white, and 'aurea' - yellow). One of the albas bloomed the first year. The others didn't seem to be doing well, but several of all three varieties returned this Spring and are multiplying from their underground rhizomes in near distance from the original plants, much to my delight! The hyacintha and alba are currently in bloom. The aurea has not yet bloomed nor shown signs of a flower spike. Some of the alba are the white varigated striped leaf variety mentioned here. I have these orchids planted amongst my ginger plants in semi-shade with almost daily watering. A few thousand of them would be very welcome!


On May 16, 2004, henryr10 from Cincinnati, OH (Zone 6b) wrote:

Will also take some pretty good punishment.
Not a tender orchid at all.
Ours is planted in between Maple roots in average to poor soil.
Morning sun.
Has returned and flowered now for 4 years.
No Winter care given.

Tough, long blooming and quite beautiful.


On Mar 15, 2004, soilsandup from Sacramento, CA (Zone 9a) wrote:

A nice carefree plant. The purple ones that I have tend to be taller and generally more robust than the white ones. I have some in mostly shade, some part sun/shade, and some in almost all sun and they do well in all of those locations. You do have to thin every now and then but I never have problems finding people who wants some.


On Mar 11, 2004, wnstarr from Puyallup, WA (Zone 5a) wrote:

Edgewood, Washington
There is also a white variety, "alba". I have this and the purple variety growing next to the Koi pond. There is also a variety that has foliage edged in white. Multiplies fast but seems to do best if undisturbed and left to form nice clumps. Foliage is attractive even when the plant is not in flower.


On Aug 5, 2001, Baa wrote:

Bletilla striata is a terrestrial orchid from China, Taiwan and Japan. The rhizomes form psuedobulbs half in and half out of the soil from which the leaves and flower stems appear early in the year.

Has lance like, ribbed, mid-green leaves. Bears bright purple-pink flowers.

Flowers between April and July

Loves leafy, moist but well-drained soil in light shade in a sheltered site. Needs to be dry in winter when dormant. May also need a winter mulch in regions that get regular frosts.

The main pests are red spider mite and aphid.