Begonia Species, Cane Begonia, Angel Wing Begonia

Begonia coccinea

Family: Begoniaceae (be-gon-ee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Begonia (be-GON-yuh) (Info)
Species: coccinea (kok-SIN-ee-uh) (Info)
Synonym:Pritzelia coccinea
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24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade

Light Shade



Bloom Color:


Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall


Grown for foliage


Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From herbaceous stem cuttings

From softwood cuttings

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Can be grown as an annual

Suitable for growing in containers


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Auburn, Alabama

Cottondale, Alabama

Daphne, Alabama

Gurley, Alabama

Lanett, Alabama

August, California

Berkeley, California

Brentwood, California

Calistoga, California

Clayton, California

Clovis, California

Costa Mesa, California

Fremont, California

Hayward, California

Hemet, California

Irvine, California

Los Altos, California

Merced, California

Sacramento, California

Arvada, Colorado

Eckert, Colorado

Pueblo, Colorado

Bokeelia, Florida

Brooksville, Florida

Lakeland, Florida

Miami, Florida

Orange Park, Florida

Pompano Beach, Florida(2 reports)

Punta Gorda, Florida

Saint Petersburg, Florida

Tampa, Florida

Wellborn, Florida

Clarkston, Georgia

Rome, Georgia

Middleton, Idaho

Greencastle, Indiana

Dubuque, Iowa

Mount Sterling, Kentucky

Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Broussard, Louisiana

New Orleans, Louisiana

Pierre Part, Louisiana

Frederick, Maryland

Oakland, Maryland

Calumet, Michigan

Grand Rapids, Michigan

Bay Saint Louis, Mississippi

Helena, Montana

Brooklyn, New York

Wilson, New York

Brevard, North Carolina

Charlotte, North Carolina

Jacksonville, North Carolina

Matthews, North Carolina

Taylorsville, North Carolina

Lancaster, Ohio

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Portland, Oregon

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania(2 reports)

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

Wrightsville, Pennsylvania

Hendersonville, Tennessee

Monterey, Tennessee

Austin, Texas

Dallas, Texas

Georgetown, Texas

Houston, Texas

Port Lavaca, Texas

San Antonio, Texas

Spring, Texas

Wichita Falls, Texas

Salt Lake City, Utah

Falls Church, Virginia

Leesburg, Virginia

Virginia Beach, Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Oct 19, 2014, MillerFarm from Dubuque, IA wrote:

A coworker gave me three canes from her angel wing after she repotted it. My plant bloomed within a month and hasn't stopped since (about 8 months). The plant is currently over 24" tall and keeps growing, with new shoots. The only dilemma I have is how to best make a trellis as the dowels I'm using now aren't going to be stable enough as this plant keeps growing. The flowers and foliage are beautiful, but I have found that it gets a little messy as they drop off the plant. (My cats have no objection as they love chewing on the dropped leaves- yet they leave the plant alone, thankfully.)


On May 3, 2014, annsrose from Spring, TX wrote:

I have had my angel wing begonia for years growing in a pot at the bottom of my hot house . I will take cuttings from it and make a hanging basket , but the main pot stays in the hot house and does very well . It is getting tall and leggy so I really need to do something with it .. Probably need to just make a new pot with it .


On Dec 8, 2011, mtbud2 from Helena Valley Northwest, MT wrote:

I received this plant about 3 years ago, it was already a few feet tall. I have planted about 6 clippings from it in the last year or so. I have it inside and it loves the North window. (I had originally had it placed in front of a west window where it grew a lot) Mine seems to blossom more in the winter months (I am from Montana) Nov and Dec. Right now I have 6 blossom bunches with more coming soon. I don't fertilize it just water it once a week or once every couple of weeks and it still thrives!


On Sep 1, 2011, GeoFan49 from Los Altos, CA (Zone 9b) wrote:

This Wikipedia article needs help from a begonia expert or enthusiast...


On Apr 30, 2010, ShirleyLuStudio from Virginia Beach, VA wrote:

I have my angel wing for about 11 years. It does well by the window with a lot of filter sun. I moved to Virginia Beach couple years ago. It also do well outside during summer with morning light (till about 1pm)
My angel wing bloom all year long, in the winter bloom less, but still blooming. I do light fertilized them every time I water the plant. Use reg. household plant food.


On Apr 23, 2010, moreys_son from Costa Mesa, CA wrote:

I received a cutting from an Escondido,California lady in 1976. This original plant has been repotted only once in the ensuing 33 years! It is happy in a root bound state, is kept moist in the summer and very sparsely watered in the winter here in the Anaheim and Costa Mesa areas. The plant is fed sparingly and prefers a well drained soil. When canes turn dark brown and die, they are removed to the ground surface. Many new plants have been started from cuttings. Both from setting them in moist potting soil and also by suspending them in a bottle of water. This plant has silver spots on the top of the leaves and the underside is green in color. Canes grow to a height of about 4 to 5 feet and last for two seasons before they die, being replaced by new canes. Edges of leaves are not serrated... read more


On Feb 21, 2010, lilspirit1941 from Council Bluffs, IA wrote:

my neighbor gave me a cutting last summer(could not grow it in calif,when i lived there)and decided to try it again,not having much faith in it or me.i just stuck it in water and the darn thing rooted and so i put it in an east window and the dum thing had grown to 15 inches(from 3 inches)and nonstop is fantastic,i love it .now i'm trying new ones ,like rex,and trailing-scandent.hey what can i say i'm a plant nut.luv it.


On Dec 15, 2009, crazedredhead from Lancaster, OH wrote:

this is my first angel wing, given to me by a member of my garden club whose mother gave it to her. now, it's doing great, inside for th e winter for zone 5. but, here is a question. some of the parts of the plant have spotted leaves, and others have plain green leaves. do i have 2 different species? or are the spotted leaves just intermittent? it's actually growing since i brought it in, and has put a 6 inch stalk up. let me know if you want seeds or cuttings. i wont be sending cuttings till after may 15, which is our freeze date. no sense in freezing the babies. LOL.


On Dec 1, 2009, DMgardener from (Daniel) Mount Orab, OH (Zone 6b) wrote:

I received this as a gift 3 years ago. I rooted it in water(BTW, It was the light green, pink flowered one), and potted it. It spent the Summer in the glassed in-porch, and grew and grew and GREW! By the time Fall arrived, I counted 16(!) stalks! And do you know what I did? At the yard sale the next spring, a nice lady from down the street offered $2 for it. And I accepted it!! Not knowing that this is one of the nicest plants in cultivation now, silly me! ANYBODY who has a a cutting to share, Mail me.


On Sep 2, 2008, begoniacrazii from Northern California, CA (Zone 9a) wrote:

Begonia coccinea is a species begonia discovered in Brazil in 1841. Many hybrids have been produced using it as a parent. I can be best described as having thick, leathery, solid bright-green leaves with a soft sheen and bright red flowers. (the specific epithet means Begonia with red flowers). Variants in flower color include dark pink and deep coral/salmon.
B. coccinea does not have spots or splotches on the leaves as they are solid in color. The plant can top 15' with the right growing conditions.


On Apr 20, 2008, lauraroxie from Saint Petersburg, FL wrote:

This plant is listed as a 10a, but it seems to do quite nicely in 9b Saint Petersburg, FL. We had one cold night down to 26 degrees this winter and it showed no damage.


On Apr 17, 2007, WolfsPride from Wilson, NY wrote:

I have had my Angels Wing for quite a few years now. The Original was grown from my Grandmother back in the 60s and each family member has a piece. At first I almost killed the poor thing from over watering it but quickly got the hang of it. I have mine in my office facing East and it does great. It only blooms twice a year for me but not bad for a guy huh?


On Nov 23, 2005, Pashta from Moncks Corner, SC (Zone 8b) wrote:

When I bought this plant it was nearly dead and looked pitiful. I had it in an apartment with bright ambient light for a year, and it grew a little, but nothing spectacular. When I moved, I put it out in the front yard, still potted, and to my horror the stems turned bright red and the leaves scorched. I moved it to the porch, where it still got alot of sun, but not as much direct during the day. It EXPLODED! It bloomed like a madman and got HUGE! This was 6 months ago and it still has big groups of blooms! All I need to do is keep the spider mites from killing it off, and I will be set. It is absolutely stunning.


On Oct 16, 2005, ZZsBabiez from Lodi, CA (Zone 9b) wrote:

I have a huge Angel Wing Begonia that was given to me by the sweetest old Southern woman whom I loved dearly and has since passed. She had the plant for ages, and said her 'li'l angels' would watch over us. I've had this plant for 12 years, and only now realize what a prize I have. I have it located in filtered sunlight or the leaves scorch. It also seems to damage leaves if it gets too much wind. I have cut it back to 6" when it was damaged by frost and it came back just fine.

This year it bloomed with clusters the size of a cantaloupe and they were a beautiful pink/salmon color. I don't know what I did differently to deserve such an awesome bloom, but I'm so very thankful for it! I'm a new member here, and truly regret not getting pictures of this amazing bloom to share. ... read more


On Aug 23, 2005, grikdog from St. Paul, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

I grow this as a houseplant. It is a very good houseplant and tolerates bad light and neglect. It is a lovely plant.


On Jul 2, 2005, Leeerma from Lanett, AL (Zone 8a) wrote:

I once had this plant in my breakfast room, I have long double windows and it just went crazy, but, had few blooms.
I love this plant.


On Apr 23, 2004, mrmcoy from Seattle, WA wrote:

I love these plants-in all of their various incarnations. Some rarely flower and some are really floriferous when they get started or reach maturity. It all depends on the variety. There is one that I have heard referred to as 'trout leaf begonia'--reddish tinged with silvery spots and beige-ish flowers (when they arrive)-- that is SMASHING--just really a lovely plant. The old standard 'Lucerne' is one of these, I believe. With bright green leaves and pink flowers in their juvenile form, these are fabulous container plants for the garden.

Start cuttings in the spring and set them out for the summer--just great stuff! I set several cuttings in a medium size pot or hanging basket and pinch the heck out of them--really nice. But, if you put just a couple cuttings in a pot and ... read more


On Sep 29, 2003, macyle wrote:

I have had mine for about 4 years now. The person I got it from has never gotten hers to bloom and it stands about 5-6 foot tall. Mine if around 3 foot right now and for the past year and half since I moved back to Northern Nevada it has bloomed about once ever 2-4 weeks. It sits on the kitchen table or the picture window in my house and gets a good amount of afternoon light. The blooms have seemed to always come the side facing the sun as it is setting. My flower bunches have been around 4-6" in diameter and varying in color across the bunch itself. They go from soft pink to almost blood red in the same bunch.


On Sep 5, 2003, suncatcheracres from Old Town, FL wrote:

This plant can get quite large here in Northcentral Florida, zone 8b--I've seen them as tall as five feet--and the constantly falling flowers can become a nusiance when it has to be overwintered indoors, as it does here. It makes an attractive plant for the winter greenhouse, where the falling flowers aren't really a problem, and during the summer it loves a mostly shady spot outdoors, especially near a pond.

My Mother grew these plants for years, both in New Orleans and on the Mississippi Gulf Coast, giving away many cuttings. She was constantly pruning them and rooting the cuttings in water at the window above the kitchen sink, where they got lots of humidity, and the constantly falling flowers were easily cleaned up. Both my Mother's and my Angelwings always bloomed pr... read more


On Sep 5, 2003, JadesEmerald from Arvada, CO wrote:

I received my cuttings about 2 years ago from a friend, whose plant is well over 100 years. I have only got it to bloom once since having it. And it bloomed in the winter time here in CO. The flowers are small, and can be easlily over-looked. But I used Miracle-Grow as a fertilizer for it. I am not sure if it likes to be root-bound, but since the plant has bloomed, I haven't gotten it to bloom again. And I am sure that it has out-grown it's space in the pot.


On Jun 29, 2003, jkogle wrote:

I can't get my Angel Wing to flower. I've had it for about a year, and now that it is getting warmer, it has gotten much larger, but still no flowers. I live the the Seattle area, and place the plant in front of a window. Perhaps it needs more sun.


On Jun 24, 2003, tsue42 from La Marque, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

I received a cutting of Angel Wing Begonia or should I say a couple of leaves last summer. It is now growing profusely and has beautiful blooms hanging in clusters around it.....very easy to grow and its foliage is really attractive. The plant is now about 12-14 inches high. Loves full sun.....the cutting was from my neighbor and she had the plant in an old styrofoam cooler and it had been growing in there for years. By the way I live right on the coast in Texas (Galveston) and it loves the humidity and heat.


On Jun 23, 2003, creasilk from Riverdale, GA wrote:

I have had Begonia coccinea 'Lucerna' for over 27 years. I have given pieces of the "mother" plant to more people than I can remember. My plant was given to me as a young plant by a friend who was moving to Georgia; my friend said it didn't grow, but I started feeding it eggshell water and it took off.

I love this plant as I do all my other plants, but I'm worried about the mother plant because I've had to re-pot it when the original rootball became brittle and [the roots began] breaking off. I'm rooting it in water for which I've had excellent results in the past.


On Jan 12, 2003, sclarke from Macungie, PA wrote:

I love my Begonias (Rex and Angel Wing) so much that a design I made incorporating the leaf shape and patterning will one day soon be tattooed onto my back as my wings. Sick and true :) sarah


On Mar 28, 2002, karencordova wrote:

The variety Begonia coccinea 'Lucerna' has large asymetrical leaves with a smattering of silver drops on a dark green wide leaf (4" by 6-8") with a darkish pink underside.