It's time to vote on our 2017 photo contest! Vote for your favorite photos of the year here!


Chrysobalanus icaco

Family: Chrysobalanaceae
Genus: Chrysobalanus (kry-soh-BAL-an-us) (Info)
Species: icaco (eye-KAH-koh) (Info)




Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round

Suitable for growing in containers


10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)


15-18 in. (38-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)


USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Blooms all year



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From woody stem cuttings

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Beverly Hills, California

Boca Raton, Florida

Estero, Florida

Fort Myers, Florida

Hollywood, Florida

Jupiter, Florida

Key West, Florida

Kissimmee, Florida

Lake Worth, Florida

Oldsmar, Florida

Pompano Beach, Florida

Port Charlotte, Florida

Sarasota, Florida

Tampa, Florida

Tavernier, Florida

Venice, Florida

West Palm Beach, Florida

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Aug 15, 2017, Vincy from Couva,
Trinidad and Tobago wrote:

Coco plum (Chrysobalanus icaco), also known as icaco coco plum, grows as a perennial shrub or small tree. It is a member of the Chrysobalanaceae family. It is native to Latin America, the Caribbean, (particularly popular on the islands of St. Vincent and the Grenadines) and the Southeastern United States.

This evergreen is tolerant to windy conditions, salt spray and drought. It needs full to partial sun to thrive, and dislikes deep-shade and extended exposure to wet conditions.

It is grown for its fruit and colorful foliage, and its ability to grow in varied environmental conditions. In the tropics, shrubs are ideal specimens in gardens near beaches and coastal areas and within U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 14.

... read more


On Nov 1, 2006, handbright from Coral Springs, FL (Zone 10b) wrote:

I have this plant as hedging material around my garden. I also have seen it nearly wild in the Los Angeles area, which is much drier than here of course. The plants in California were alive with birds. Here, not so much. (10b) It makes a wonderful hedge with a bronzy glow in the silky feeling leaves of new growth that is very attractive in the landscape. 4 stars for this one.


On Oct 5, 2006, kay13 from Indiantown, FL wrote:

can anyone tell me if this plant coco plum is poisionous to horses ? I want to use it for a privacy hedge between my property and the neighbors but I have horses and wanted to know before I plant it if is toxic to equines


On Feb 6, 2006, IslandJim from Keizer, OR (Zone 8b) wrote:

I think this plant has some potential to become a minor subtropical fruit, but obviously needs a breeding/hybridizing effort to improve the pulp-to-pit ratio and increase the overall size of the fruit. As it is, the fruit is sweet with a delicate plum-like flavor. Seed kernels are also edible when roasted.


On Dec 8, 2004, NativePlantFan9 from Boca Raton, FL (Zone 10a) wrote:

Cocoplum is one of the best native shrubs in Florida. It is native to the cypress swamps, hammocks, wet areas, tree islands and coastal natural habitats such as hammocks and also is abundant in swamps, including hardwood swamps, from central Florida southward throughout the state, including the Keys. It is also found in coastal habitats. It is an excellent subtropical shrub that produces edible, black to purplish berries that are very useful and superb for wildlife and birds. Also, in it's natural habitats the foilage may provide some shelter for wildlife as well. People may also eat them as well when ripe. It is very common and very popular in the landscape in its entire range in central and southern Florida as a maintained shrub. It is superb for a maintained shrub - a superb characteris... read more