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Species, Natural Hybrid Orchid, Monk Orchid, Spotted Oeceoclades

Oeceoclades maculata

Family: Orchidaceae (or-kid-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Oeceoclades (ee-see-o-KLAY-deez) (Info)
Species: maculata (mak-yuh-LAH-tuh) (Info)
Additional cultivar information:(natural hybrid)
Synonym:Graphorkis maculata
Synonym:Limodorum maculatum
Synonym:Oeceoclades mackenii
Synonym:Oeceoclades monophylla
Synonym:Oeceoclades paraguayensis



Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Light Shade





Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


6-12 in. (15-30 cm)


3-6 in. (7-15 cm)

6-9 in. (15-22 cm)


USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Pale Pink

Chartreuse (yellow-green)

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

From seed; germinate in vitro in gelatin, agar or other medium

Seed Collecting:

Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed

Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Brooksville, Florida

De Leon Springs, Florida

Fort Lauderdale, Florida (2 reports)

Fort Pierce, Florida

Fruitland Park, Florida

Hollywood, Florida

Homestead, Florida

Islamorada, Florida

Naples, Florida

Sarasota, Florida (2 reports)

West Palm Beach, Florida

Kansas City, Missouri

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jun 24, 2017, Honeyberry22 from Sarasota, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

From what I have read the "invasive" designation for the Monk's orchid has been dropped, and it is now simply considered naturalized in Florida. I have them growing in my garden under my oak tree and they are a welcome addition.


On Dec 26, 2012, RedLeopard2 from Naples, FL wrote:

I have three acres of mostly wooded property outside Naples, FL. This orchid is common here where it's shady and there is leaf litter accumulation or mulch. The flowers aren't showy, but the mottled foliage is quite attractive.

Technically it's considered an invasive weed, but this is a rather harsh designation. Yes they do pop up regularly in areas where I don't want them, but I just pull them up. They have become widespread because they set seed readily, and the seed are easily carried by wind. They're always around, but they're few and far between, and they grow slowly. No problem. I wish all my weeds were so well behaved.


On Sep 12, 2012, dyzzypyxxy from Sarasota, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

This orchid is now a Class 2 invasive weed in Florida, although many botanists think this classification is unnecessary. It does spread easily by seeding itself, and is well adapted to oak hammocks, as well as urban gardens with oak trees. But it is not aggressive, does not out-compete other native plants, and so does not form a monoculture as a true "invasive" plant does.

I was given a few starts recently by someone who found a colony growing in a mulch pile in a neighbor's yard. I'm trying them in a shady bed under an oak, surrounded by gravel driveway and a "mow what grows" lawn. I'll also keep a couple of starts in a pot inside the pool cage, and will hope to report back what happens.


On Mar 5, 2011, sunbshine from Fort Lauderdale, FL wrote:

I found this plant in my yard and I know I did not plant it.
The leaves are different then the one shown in your plant
file. The flower looks the same. It comes from a small bulb
in the ground. Found in Oaklalnd Park Fl. I found this plant
also at the Ft. Lauderdale hollywood Airport.


On Nov 29, 2004, NativePlantFan9 from Boca Raton, FL (Zone 10a) wrote:

The Monk Orchid is also now common in the southern counties of Florida and is spreading rapidly into the central half of the state. It was introduced from Africa and has become naturalized and established in natural areas and disturbed areas of much of south Florida, mostly due to discarded plants in mulch, waste or garbage, but also as escapees from backyards and gardens as well. There is also an isolated population of the species in Alachua County in north-central Florida and are thriving there, probably sustained and established due to discarded plants as well. The Alachua County population may succumb to freezes and cool temperatures but quickly regenerate or recover, sustaining or spreading the population, despite that the species is cold-sensitive in winter in north-central, north, a... read more


On Jun 13, 2004, Monocromatico from Rio de Janeiro,
Brazil (Zone 11) wrote:

This terrestrial orchid has an uncertain origin, probably native from west tropical Africa. However, it is a volunteer plant from Argentina to Florida, living under a large range of soil types, prefering light shaded places and moderate moisture/humidity.

It has egg-shaped pseudobulbs that stay half burried, with only 1 leaf on the top. This leaf is leathery, deep green, with several dark green spots and irregular marks (an sterile plant looks very like a short Sansevieria). The floral stalk grows from the base of the plant, bearing several small, cream to white flowers with a pink labellum. The flowers are exceptionally fertile, and it is very common to see seed pods on the plant (which would explain how it became a successful plant in America).

It needs ligh... read more