Gaillardia Species, Blanket Flower, Indian Blanket


Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Gaillardia (gay-LAR-dee-uh) (Info)
View this plant in a garden


Alpines and Rock Gardens


Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade



This plant is resistant to deer

Foliage Color:




18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


15-18 in. (38-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round in hardiness zone

Can be grown as an annual



Bloom Color:



Bright Yellow

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:


Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Mid Fall

Blooms repeatedly

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Auburn, Alabama

Phoenix, Arizona

Chico, California

Sacramento, California

San Diego, California

Aurora, Colorado

Denver, Colorado

Clayton, Delaware

Keystone Heights, Florida

Sarasota, Florida

Stuart, Florida

Winter Springs, Florida

Gainesville, Georgia

Hazlehurst, Georgia

Marietta, Georgia

Villa Rica, Georgia

Palmyra, Illinois

Rockford, Illinois

Bloomington, Indiana

Lansing, Kansas

Dundalk, Maryland

Pikesville, Maryland

Milton, Massachusetts

Warren, Michigan

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Springfield, Missouri

Bigfork, Montana

Carson City, Nevada

Albuquerque, New Mexico

Silver City, New Mexico

Ronkonkoma, New York

Edmond, Oklahoma

Guthrie, Oklahoma

Wilsonville, Oregon

Reading, Pennsylvania

North Augusta, South Carolina

Sumter, South Carolina

Lenoir City, Tennessee

Colmesneil, Texas

Princeton, Texas

Salt Lake City, Utah

Virginia Beach, Virginia

Woodbridge, Virginia

Cathan, Washington

John Sam Lake, Washington

North Marysville, Washington

Priest Point, Washington

Shaker Church, Washington

Stimson Crossing, Washington

Weallup Lake, Washington

Liberty, West Virginia

Casper, Wyoming

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jan 27, 2016, JBtheExplorer from Southeast, WI wrote:

Gaillardia x grandiflora is a mix of two of North America's native and most popular plants, Gaillardia aristata and Gaillardia pulchella. This is not only a spectacular ornamental plant, but is highly valuable to pollinators. I've seen many bees attracted to this plant, especially Bumble Bees, Metallic Green Bees, Sweat Bees, and Mason Bees. Butterflies are also attracted to this plant. I've specifically seen Monarchs land on them. I've seen hummingbirds fly to them on many occasions. Beyond that, I've seen frogs and toads use the plants for cover while out hunting. Gaillardia is a great plant for butterfly gardens, pollinator gardens, prairie gardens, and native gardens.


On Feb 14, 2011, cloud91977 from Spring Valley, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

Takes the inland San Diego heat and drought without missing a beat and blooms all year if deadheaded once in a while.

Beautiful w/ the golds and oranges of 'Bright Lights' Cosmos, coreopsis, or calaendula! Lasts about a week in a vase.

This one will reseed, but it's never been a nuisance about it in our garden.


On Nov 4, 2005, DanceyTx from Midway, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

This plant grows very easily in part shade in our zone 8b in Midway, Texas. They stay very healthy the whole growing season.



On May 27, 2004, cghoover8 from Albuquerque, NM wrote:

I inherited two well-established gaillardia plants from my house's previous owners. I love them! The flowers go through four distinct stages, each interesting in its own way - they begin with a small burgundy core surrounded by tiny petals, then expand into showy yellow and burgundy flowers. As the petals fall off, the core develops into a round burgundy seedhead, which turns white as it matures. The plants have started blooming already now in May, and bloomed until frost last year shortly after we moved in - I don't know if the previous owners had to deadhead like crazy to keep them going, but it seems like they just go and go. All of this is in alpine desert conditions (Albuquerque, NM) with very little supplemental watering. They are probably too eccentric and messy-looking for a ... read more


On Nov 30, 2000, jody from MD &, VA (Zone 7b) wrote:

Gaillardia x grandiflora are hybrids of G. aristata and G. pulchella. The most commonly grown species. Grandiflora forms mounds and grows to 3' high and wide. Flowerheads get 3" to 4" in diameter and come in red, yellow, orange, burgundy or a mix of above colors.

Best cultivated in full sun in well drained soil. Tolerates heat, cold, dryness, strong wind, and poor soil. Propagate from seed or division.