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Muscari Species, Grape Hyacinth

Muscari armeniacum

Family: Asparagaceae
Genus: Muscari (mus-KAR-ee) (Info)
Species: armeniacum (ar-men-ee-AH-kum) (Info)
Synonym:Muscari alexandrae
Synonym:Muscari apertum
Synonym:Muscari argaei
Synonym:Muscari colchicum
Synonym:Muscari conicum
View this plant in a garden



Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


6-12 in. (15-30 cm)


3-6 in. (7-15 cm)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:

Medium Blue

Medium Purple

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring

Mid Spring

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Montgomery, Alabama

Tuscaloosa, Alabama

Wetumpka, Alabama

Juneau, Alaska

Seward, Alaska

Anthem, Arizona

Mesa, Arizona

Benton, Arkansas

Canoga Park, California


HOOPA, California

Merced, California

Napa, California

Oakley, California

Denver, Colorado(3 reports)

Fort Collins, Colorado

Old Lyme, Connecticut

Ellendale, Delaware

Buford, Georgia

Dawsonville, Georgia

Gooding, Idaho

Chicago, Illinois

Hinsdale, Illinois

Jacksonville, Illinois

Mt Zion, Illinois

Olympia Fields, Illinois

Quincy, Illinois

Washington, Illinois

Corydon, Indiana

Fort Wayne, Indiana

Macy, Indiana

Terre Haute, Indiana

Iowa City, Iowa

Kansas City, Kansas

Olathe, Kansas

Benton, Kentucky

Ewing, Kentucky

Hebron, Kentucky

Salvisa, Kentucky

New Orleans, Louisiana

Durham, Maine

Lisbon, Maine

Cumberland, Maryland

Dundalk, Maryland

Valley Lee, Maryland

Attleboro, Massachusetts

Dracut, Massachusetts

Fall River, Massachusetts

Halifax, Massachusetts

Revere, Massachusetts

Roslindale, Massachusetts

Caro, Michigan

Dearborn Heights, Michigan

Ludington, Michigan

Owosso, Michigan

Pinconning, Michigan

Royal Oak, Michigan

Tecumseh, Michigan

Saint Paul, Minnesota

Florence, Mississippi

Marietta, Mississippi

Mathiston, Mississippi

Brunswick, Missouri

Columbia, Missouri

Galena, Missouri

Pahrump, Nevada

Sparks, Nevada

Merrimack, New Hampshire

Whitehouse Station, New Jersey

Albuquerque, New Mexico

Hilton, New York

Kingston, New York

Nineveh, New York

North Tonawanda, New York

Ridgewood, New York

West Kill, New York

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Lake Toxaway, North Carolina

Norlina, North Carolina

Raleigh, North Carolina

Wilsons Mills, North Carolina

Yanceyville, North Carolina

Bucyrus, Ohio

Cincinnati, Ohio

Cleveland, Ohio

Columbus, Ohio

Dayton, Ohio

Fremont, Ohio

Hamilton, Ohio

Marion, Ohio

North Ridgeville, Ohio

Garber, Oklahoma

Jay, Oklahoma

Okeene, Oklahoma

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma(2 reports)

, Ontario

Bend, Oregon

Dallas, Oregon

Klamath Falls, Oregon

Portland, Oregon

Salem, Oregon(2 reports)

Allentown, Pennsylvania

Bradford, Pennsylvania

Erie, Pennsylvania

Upper Darby, Pennsylvania

West Chester, Pennsylvania

Hope Valley, Rhode Island

Wakefield, Rhode Island

West Warwick, Rhode Island

Columbia, South Carolina

Knoxville, Tennessee

Murfreesboro, Tennessee

Thompsons Station, Tennessee

Austin, Texas(2 reports)

Belton, Texas

Dallas, Texas

Desoto, Texas

Fate, Texas

Irving, Texas

Katy, Texas

Kerrville, Texas

Lipan, Texas

San Juan, Texas

Santo, Texas

Salt Lake City, Utah

Syracuse, Utah

Tremonton, Utah

Broadway, Virginia

Leesburg, Virginia

Roanoke, Virginia

Bellevue, Washington

Port Townsend, Washington(2 reports)

Pullman, Washington

Seattle, Washington

Arena, Wisconsin

Ellsworth, Wisconsin

Marinette, Wisconsin

Reedsburg, Wisconsin

Cody, Wyoming

Kinnear, Wyoming

Riverton, Wyoming

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Mar 19, 2017, PattyOelze from Galena, MO wrote:

I did not plant these. They just showed up this year after we had been living here five years. I think they are beautiful and I am not really a gardener so I don't mind them growing wherever they want to. But then my husband is probably going to mow over them because they are all in different areas. Oh well, they will come back, I'm sure.


On Apr 14, 2015, driley from Napa, CA wrote:

I planted it again and now I'm digging them all up, again!
Mine haven't bloomed that well to make up for their invasiveness. Each little bulb makes many little ones and they get into every part of the planting beds. If only the grassy-looking part would look nice instead of plopping over and turning yellow, I could deal with them. I do not recommend for a small garden.


On Mar 16, 2015, CAgoldbear from Katy, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

Down in Houston area, these typically aren't great in the southern heat. I love them, though, and made attempts to a glorious show in the spring by keeping them for about 6-8 weeks in the back of the fridge. Now they are lining my front bed, which is desolate with winter mulch, and offer a bright and cheerful hello to passersby.

I imagine the foliage will die back by late June, and I have already planted some mounding low growers to cover the foliage before its time to cut back. I planned on them not surviving the Texas heat, so if they do, all the better, but some "perennial" bulbs are wimps when put against gulf coast heat. But I like to bring a bit of my California climate with me!


On Feb 1, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

This can be ornamental when planted in infrequently mown grass in a semi-wild area. But I hesitate to plant anything that's so hard to control. Once this is in your garden, there's no changing your mind.

My biggest complaint about this plant is the ugly foliage it produces both fall and spring. Especially in the fall, the long leaves, untidy to begin with, get tattered by frost and look ugly all through the winter. The spring flowers don't begin to make up for it.

This is not a plant for the tidy gardener. Personally, I prefer informal gardens that are a little disheveled, but this is too much even for me. I'd rather spend my money on squill.

Despite what many people believe, the ASPCA say that Muscari aren't poisonous to animals, and many websi... read more


On Nov 23, 2013, derekpotter from WsM,
United Kingdom wrote:

They are growing in the herb garden and could quite easily be gathered with the chives :) so I wanted to find out if they are toxic. Dave's Garden says they are. Other sources say they are not, indeed they are eaten in Italy and taste like a bitter onion. Seems a shame to slander such a delightful and easy plant!


On Mar 17, 2013, vossner from Richmond, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

I planted 100 bulbs in 2011 and they did not bloom the following spring. They did bloom in spring 2013 but the flowers are so puny, I was very dissapointed with the show. I don't now if I have immature bulbs but this was just too much trouble for what I've gotten.


On Feb 27, 2012, herbella from Albuquerque, NM wrote:

This is such a difficult region to garden in that I don't mind the pretty spring flowers of grape hyacinth At first, it was in the flower bed in the courtyard. I didn't know what this plant was for about two years after we bought this house (our second one in this High Desert region of New Mexico) because its blooming season was so short and its leaves look like fat grass. Then I began to notice that it came up in the lawn! After I identified its leaves in the fall, I began to dig it up to transplant into another flower bed. Every time, it sprouted up in the lawn again. Last fall, I thought I had gotten all of the grape hyacinths out of the yard, but one little clump is showing itself at this moment (late February 2012) out in the lawn. Earlier comments made here have been helpful because ... read more


On May 11, 2011, in2art from Bellevue, WA (Zone 8a) wrote:

These naturalize well, but spread where you would expect them to...where the seed drops and where the bulbs multiply. I have never had it pop up in a random spot.


On Apr 18, 2011, sweetkate from Ringgold, VA wrote:

You'd better be really, really sure you want this plant because you will never EVER be rid of it. Planting this little cutie was the biggest gardening mistake I ever made. It is impossible to remove all of the teeny bulblets this plant makes. I planted it in a flowerbed in my back yard about 10 years ago, and it's now everywhere, front yard, side yards - there's no stopping it. I'm really surprised this is not listed as a noxious weed, at least in my area (Virginia). Do yourself a favor and think twice about planting muscari aremeniacum. I've spent the last several years attempting to eradicate it, without much luck.


On Apr 20, 2010, Stargazer96 from Marion, OH wrote:

Small, bluish-purple flowers. Multiplies rapidly.


On May 19, 2007, FallyBerry from Denver, CO wrote:

I love this plant. I have to dissagree with the negative Colorado poster, at least for my area. Considering the winter we had here if anything this spring would have been ugly for this plant, but they are all beautifully green all the way to the tips, and I have never seen them as the other Colorado poster describes. That is sad to hear, I am just north of Denver and they are very healthy, abudant and fully green. It is one of my favorite plants, I just wish they bloomed longer.


On May 2, 2006, Trailmix from Fort Collins, CO wrote:

Here in Colorado the foliage dies back and can be trimmed late summer, but these bulbs sprout new leaves in the fall instead of spring. Spending harsh winters above ground, the tips (and often half the length of the leaves) always wither to yellow and brown, so in the spring when the gorgeous flowers appear, they are sitting in a ratty bird's nest. I realize the bulbs could be dug up and replanted every year but what a hassle!

Although it's not a major complaint, I also wish they wouldn't spread so prolifically. Many of the new shoots don't bloom and end up looking like regular grass infesting the garden. And grape hyacinth can be tricky to remove if you ever decide to, because there are *lots* of small bulbs that are easy to miss, and sometimes they grow right up next t... read more


On Apr 12, 2006, TBGDN from (Zone 5a) wrote:

I have read so much about this little plant, and the one common word used by many authors is "invasive"! So what? So are dandelions and clover! This is such a welcome and refreshing sight in early to mid spring, I don't mind if it gets a little invasive. At least it grows carefree, blooms a bunch and brightens up the beds and lawn just when needed. From the information gathered, it comes to us from Armenia, therefore the species 'armeniacum'. The bees seem to love them as much as I do.


On Jan 16, 2006, Gabrielle from (Zone 5a) wrote:

Blooms in April-May in my garden. A nice, sweetly scented flower, that even though it spreads rampantly, isn't in the way. If you decide to get rid of them, it is a daunting task. My information says it is hardy in zones 3-11.


On Feb 27, 2005, Jaywhacker from Kerrville, TX wrote:

This little plant has naturilized all over my 1/2 acre here just a few miles south of Kerrville, Texas. Came up and is flowering in late february. I have never planted any, they came with the place when I bought it. I didn,t recognize them and they have always been cut down with the weeds and grass in previous years. I plan to dig and pot them and see what the results are.


On Jan 3, 2005, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

Spreads like wildfire.

For someone who likes neat, orderly little rows of plants, you may want to think seriously about putting these in a pot and pulling the offspring that will escape anyway.

I've seen them spilling over the edges of raised beds and covering the ground at old homeplaces.

Virtually foolproof in z7, I love this little bulb. I like the carefree way it naturalizes and the waves of color it produces each Spring.


On Sep 3, 2004, pokerboy from Canberra,
Australia (Zone 8b) wrote:

This is a very pretty bulb. It can be used as a border plant as it can spread rapidly. I bought 50 of these bulbs and they are all flowering now. It is a great sight. Other bulbs in my area which recieves very little rain come back stronger and more numerous year after year. pokerboy.


On Apr 15, 2004, henryr10 from Cincinnati, OH (Zone 6b) wrote:

While Tulips come and go and Daffs catch a late freeze and melt.
These little ones have endured and spread.
Blooming like clockwork for 18 years here at least.

Clay soil, under Maples, drought conditions and floods they keep coming back.
Brilliant blue w/ a nice heady aroma they are tops.
If you plant only one Spring flowering bulb this is my candidate.


On Feb 15, 2003, Greenknee from Chantilly, VA (Zone 6b) wrote:

This plant reproduces two ways - many offsets develop, and self seeds freely as well - thus the "invasive" label, true, but a very welcome invasion. To increase more rapidly, dig clumps in midsummer after flowering as plants are then dormant, foliage dies down. Replanted bulbs will develop fall foliage and carry it through a severe winter, then flower in spring. I can't have too many.


On Aug 31, 2002, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

Nice interplanted among taller spring-flowering bulbs, especially 'Angelique' pink tulips. They can be invasive (I spent a couple hours digging up clumps in my yard this spring), but when corralled in a bed, they make a nice, traditional sign of springtime.


On Aug 31, 2001, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Plant bulbs 2 inches deep in the fall or division, can be invasive.


On Aug 13, 2001, mystic from Ewing, KY (Zone 6a) wrote:

Conical racemes of slightly fragrant, tightly packed, bell-shaped, royal blue flowers having a thin white line around the rim of each bell are borne on 6-9" scapes. Each bulb produces 1-3 flower scapes. Clumps of narrow, fleshy, somewhat floppy, basal leaves up to 12" long appear in autumn and live through the cold of winter. Flower scapes emerge in early spring. Good cut flower.