Brunfelsia Species, Lady of the Night

Brunfelsia americana

Family: Solanaceae (so-lan-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Brunfelsia (brun-FELZ-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: americana (a-mer-ih-KAY-na) (Info)
Synonym:Brunfelsia abbottii
Synonym:Brunfelsia fallax
Synonym:Brunfelsia latifolia
Synonym:Brunfelsia terminalis



Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Seed is poisonous if ingested

Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:

White/Near White


Bloom Characteristics:

Flowers are fragrant

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Blooms repeatedly

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

Direct sow as soon as the ground can be worked

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Collect seedhead/pod when flowers fade; allow to dry


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Brooksville, Florida

Clearwater, Florida

Haines City, Florida

Hollywood, Florida

Jupiter, Florida

Melrose, Florida

Miami, Florida(2 reports)

Miami Beach, Florida

Mulberry, Florida

Pompano Beach, Florida

Port Charlotte, Florida

Sarasota, Florida

Spring Hill, Florida

Tampa, Florida

Thonotosassa, Florida

West Palm Beach, Florida(2 reports)

Ainaloa, Hawaii

Hawaiian Beaches, Hawaii

Hawaiian Paradise Park, Hawaii

Honolulu, Hawaii

Kailua, Hawaii

Kaneohe Station, Hawaii

Keaau, Hawaii

Leilani Estates, Hawaii


Maunawili, Hawaii

Nanawale Estates, Hawaii

Orchidlands Estates, Hawaii

Pahoa, Hawaii

Lafayette, Louisiana

Lake Charles, Louisiana

Ladys Island, South Carolina

Cedar Park, Texas

Highlands, Texas

Houston, Texas

La Porte, Texas

Seabrook, Texas

Spring, Texas

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Feb 26, 2016, smileclick from Sydney,
Australia wrote:

I have both Brunfelsia americana and Brunfelsia jamaicensis. The americana has white glowers that fade to cream before falling, whereas the jamaicensis stay white until the fall. Both have a similar fragrance that wafts well in the evenings, but jamaicensis has a citrus note on top of the same base fragrance (similar fragrance to a white frangipani or Little Gem magnolia). However, it seems to have a much shorter blooming season.


On Aug 25, 2015, DavidLMo from St Joseph, MO wrote:

I have 3 brunfelsia - Lady of the Night, Princess of the Night and Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow. The latter has bloomed off and on since I got it over a year ago. The Lady is blooming now but is a very small plant - < 8 " tall. Quite surprised. Princess is growing nicely, but not bloomed yet. All are grown indoors with plenty of light.

The smell is awesome. YTT is interesting cause the flower changes color 3 times.


On May 10, 2014, annhelen from Townsend, GA wrote:

I don't have this particular Brunfelsia, but my horticulture books say to take woody cuttings in fall, in a lot of sand and some peat moss. Another source online says green wood cuttings in spring.


On Nov 10, 2013, BlueHeeler from Kailua, HI wrote:


We live in Hawaii and just moved from one part of Oahu to another.

In the previous place, I have a Brunfelsia amrericana plant that is doing well.

After we moved I wanted it at our new place.

I went back a got some branches to make cuttings to grow.

So far I have used RootBoost and Dip n Grow with No success.

The cuttings that I am using are less than 1/4 in in diameter.

Some are dark hard wood and others are softer green wood.

I have tried using a variety of store bought potting soils.

I also tried growing from seeds with no results.

Any help in growing "Lady of the Night" will be appreciated.

Thank You


On Sep 23, 2013, MLinFL from Upper Darby, PA (Zone 7a) wrote:

Lovesbling--Hopefully this is not too late: my neighbours use seeds to propagate. These may sprout slowly. I've read elsewhere that the plant does not transplant well, but a seedling in a pot, with minimal roots, should establish normally, or direct seed in the new location.


On Jul 6, 2013, Lovesbling from Estepona,
Spain wrote:

I have an old very large but gorgeous Lady of the Night plant??? Bush????? but sadly it has to be cut down because a new automatic gate is being fitted I need to know if it is possible to take cuttings from the plant which is at the moment at its most fabulous and fragrant. When I ask this question the answers I get are cuttings to take into the house for decoration and smell.
Can anyone offer advice please. Thank you.


On Apr 21, 2005, catfifer from Jupiter, FL wrote:

Blooms in the evening with a delightful fragrance. The scent floats in the air like a gardenia but much softer. Ideal for placement near entry or in night garden.


On Jul 28, 2004, dwaynet from Los Baos,
Philippines wrote:

New flowers are white but fade quickly with age to cream.
Named Lady of the Night for its powerful fragrance in the evening; it is only slightly fragrant during the day.