Tarragon, French Tarragon, Common Kitchen Tarragon

Artemisia dracunculus

Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Artemisia (ar-te-MIZ-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: dracunculus (drak-UN-koo-lus) (Info)
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Foliage Color:



Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Suitable for growing in containers

This plant is suitable for growing indoors


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade



Bloom Color:

White/Near White


Bloom Time:

Mid Fall

Late Fall/Early Winter


Grown for foliage




Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

From herbaceous stem cuttings

By simple layering

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Atascadero, California

Castro Valley, California

Glen Avon, California

Los Angeles, California

Manteca, California

Menifee, California

Merced, California

San Francisco, California

Sunnyvale, California

New Haven, Connecticut

Emmett, Idaho

Park Ridge, Illinois

Flora, Indiana

Cumberland, Maryland

Millbury, Massachusetts

Hallsville, Missouri

Saint Louis, Missouri

Pahrump, Nevada

Annandale, New Jersey

Plainfield, New Jersey

Deposit, New York

Jefferson, New York

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Walnutport, Pennsylvania

Rock Hill, South Carolina

Austin, Texas

Colville, Washington

Spokane, Washington

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Jul 24, 2013, DannyJoe from York, SC (Zone 7b) wrote:

Make sure you don't get the Russian Tarragon, False Tarragon, (Artemisia dracunculoides)
which is invasive and has no flavor.

Nurseries often substitute the Russian Tarragon because it is a vigorous grower and so much easier to propagate.


On Jul 22, 2010, MollymDG from Manteca, CA (Zone 9b) wrote:

Tarragon grows very well here in Central CA but I have to keep it in a pot -- it dies in the ground no matter how I place it. But all tarragon plants are not equal!

Look in the Image section under "tarragon" and compare the plant I got from Lazy S's mailorder nursery (a DG top 30 and I found them here) -- huge, aromatic, beautiful-- with the one I got from a local nursery. Both small plants in 3 1/2" pots, planted into the same 18" pot filled with Supersoil pepped up with water crystals and perlite, on the same day. Tarragon showed up in local nurseries just as the Lazy S's plant arrived. I (as I thought) straightened out the roots of each as I planted -- note that nursery plant has girdling root near top. Both are clearly the true French A. dracunculus tarragon but the Laz... read more


On Mar 3, 2010, resistantgardener from Verona, PA wrote:

Several sites say that you cannot grow Tarragon from seed because it doesn't produce any. Yet here I sit with a Burpee packet of Tarragon Artemisia Dracunculus. So, does it produce seeds? If not, what do I have here?


On May 21, 2009, dianne99 from Brookville, KS (Zone 5b) wrote:

According to Golden Harvest Organics on their site, ghorganics.com, it is an excellent companion plant. Check out their entire companion planting guide and excellent organic neem and garlic products. "TARRAGON: Plant throughout the garden, not many pests like this one. Recommended to enhance growth and flavor of vegetables."


On May 10, 2009, celtic_wyndes_f from Hallsville, MO (Zone 5b) wrote:

Harvest: Entire plant when lower leaves turn yellow.


On Nov 30, 2006, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Tarragon, French Tarragon, Common Kitchen Tarragon Artemisia dracunculus is native to Texas and other States.


On Oct 26, 2004, hanna1 from Castro Valley, CA (Zone 9a) wrote:

Also aromatic pepper-like flavor. Essential ingredient in French cuisine. I like to use it to infuse vinegar, great in a pat of butter to top fish.


On Aug 29, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

A strong licorice flavor used in French cooking. Great for herbal vinegars, sauces, fish and stews. Be careful not to overcook this herb or it can become bitter. Historically used to treat snake bites and ease fatigue, it has a mild anesthetic effect and was once used to treat tooth aches. Host plant for the swallowtail butterfly.