Fire-and-Ice Plant, Litchi Tomato, Morelle de Balbis, Sticky Nightshade

Solanum sisymbriifolium

Family: Solanaceae (so-lan-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Solanum (so-LAN-num) (Info)
Species: sisymbriifolium
Synonym:Solanum sisymbrifolium




Water Requirements:

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade

Light Shade


Unknown - Tell us

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


Unknown - Tell us


USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:


Light Blue

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Unknown - Tell us

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Palo Alto, California

Lakeland, Florida

Melbourne, Florida

Kenner, Louisiana

Syracuse, Utah

Gardeners' Notes:


On May 23, 2017, greenman62 from Kenner, LA (Zone 9a) wrote:

plant does NOT need a pollinator.
it is self fertile.
i had 1 plant which fruit by itself.

fruit is pretty good. kinda like a small cherry crossed with a tomato.
i check the plant every 3 or 4 days for ripe fruit, and usually get a handful. nice to snack on while gardening.
stickers are a pain and will stab you if your not careful.
We had 26F temps in Jan that killed lots of my plants, colder than we usually get here in New Orleans (zone 9)
the plant seemed unaffected.
plant is now 2 years old. it took at least a year for it to fruit.
have seeds to trade.


On Jul 11, 2014, Lokoliki from Escondido, CA wrote:

Haven't tasted the fruit yet, but this plant is definitely able to self-fertilize. I only have one in bloom and there is essentially no chance that it was pollinated by another, unless some sort of alien pollen worked. Looks very cool and has beautiful foliage, but beware the spines, they are SHARP! (and somewhat woody) Grows well in a wide variety of lighting conditions and doesn't need much water or root space. Would be good for planting around other crops to provide them shade and distract caterpillars, aphids, etc.


On Dec 27, 2012, VineWorld from Syracuse, UT (Zone 7b) wrote:

This plant requires two separate plants to achieve fruiting, i.e. it's self-infertile. The fruit itself is an edible red berry that is covered in a spiny husk that breaks itself apart while the fruit is ripening. It is much like a tomatillo (but with big, sharp spines!)

Solanum sisymbriifolium is an annual or perennial erect, rhizomatous herb about 1 metre in height. The stem and branches are viscid, hairy, and armed with flat, orange-yellow spines up to 15mm in length. The ovate to lanceolate leaves are borne on petioles 1-6cm long and are pubescent both above and below with stellate and glandular hairs. The leaves are pinnately divided into 4-6 coarse lobes and may be up to 40cm long and 25cm wide. Inflorescences emerge from the foliage and are internodal, unbranched racem... read more


On Mar 7, 2007, berrygirl from Braselton, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:

Plant grows to 4-5' and gets large white flowers, summer- frost, followed by clustered, round red fruits which, with the white blooms and thorns that cover the plant at the same time, make it a striking plant.