Virginia Pine, Scrub Pine

Pinus virginiana

Family: Pinaceae (py-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Pinus (PY-nus) (Info)
Species: virginiana (vir-jin-ee-AN-uh) (Info)




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


30-40 ft. (9-12 m)


15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)


USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:


Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring


Grown for foliage


Other details:

This plant may be considered a protected species; check before digging or gathering seeds

Soil pH requirements:

5.1 to 5.5 (strongly acidic)

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:

Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Wear gloves to protect hands when handling seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Pelham, Alabama

Rehoboth Beach, Delaware

Jeffersonville, Kentucky

Egg Harbor City, New Jersey

Winston Salem, North Carolina

Antlers, Oklahoma

Downingtown, Pennsylvania

Reading, Pennsylvania

Rock Hill, South Carolina

Talbott, Tennessee

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Dec 5, 2013, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

I love all pine trees! This species is one of the scrubby pines, not the tall, majestic ones, but it is still nice. Very similar to Jack Pine that grows much farther north. I bought one from a native plant nursery and planted it in my backyard in se PA in a good quality clay soil that is barely acid of pH 6.9, and it has been doing well for about 11 years. My specimen is one of those that turns yellowish in winter; they don't all do that. This pine grows wild in different spots of lower nutrient, acid, dry soils around in the Mid-Atlantic of southeast PA, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, plus around the Appalachian Region.


On Nov 28, 2011, jglenncox from Antlers, OK wrote:

Grows fine in southeastern Oklahoma. Very drought hardy but died during the 2011 drought.


On Mar 15, 2007, berrygirl from Braselton, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:

From Musser Forests website: Also known as Jersey Pine or Poverty Pine. Grows 15 to 40 feet. Open growth habit. Needles are yellow green to dark green, 1 1/2 to 3 inches in length. Plant on poor, dry, heavy soil where other plants will not grow. Often used in southern areas for Christmas tree production.
Zone: 4-8
Height: 15-40 Feet


On Jan 28, 2005, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

A fairly shrubby, scraggledy small to medium sized pine tree of the South Central states. It is commonly found in poor soils and old fields.

It has sturdy, flat sided 2" to 3" needles, and half inch branches are tough, fiberous and difficult to break.

The cones are 2" to 3" long and usually egg shaped and remain on the tree for a long time. The thorns are straight tipped and are 1/16' to 1/8" long.