Prunus, Japanese Plum 'Santa Rosa'

Prunus salicina

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Prunus (PROO-nus) (Info)
Species: salicina (sah-lih-SEE-nuh) (Info)
Cultivar: Santa Rosa


Edible Fruits and Nuts

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade



Foliage Color:

Light Green


12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)


15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)


USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Flowers are fragrant

Bloom Size:

Under 1"

Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From semi-hardwood cuttings

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Midland City, Alabama

Chowchilla, California

Fresno, California

Los Angeles, California

Oak View, California

Pacific Grove, California

Rialto, California

Rohnert Park, California

San Anselmo, California

San Diego, California

San Jose, California

Santa Monica, California

Westminster, California

Winchester, California

Independence, Louisiana

Jackson, Mississippi

Hulbert, Oklahoma

Hummelstown, Pennsylvania

Meshoppen, Pennsylvania

Cinisi, Sicily(2 reports)

Cibolo, Texas

Garland, Texas

Kempner, Texas

Little Elm, Texas

Richmond, Texas

Layton, Utah

Grand Mound, Washington

Marysville, Washington

Rochester, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Sep 24, 2017, BayAreaTropics from Hayward, CA wrote:

I just planted one I found "hidden" behind the other stone fruit tree's that were in larger pots at the nursery. I consider this the most delicious fruit in the world- even better then Mangoes.
Its been the end of about 50 years of "Soon I will get one".


On Jul 4, 2017, CaliforniaGuy from Lakewood, CA wrote:

I had planted two bareroot plum trees: a santa rosa and a burgundy. Update: The santa rosa plum tree unfortunately didn't do much and died, but the burgundy is thriving.


On Jun 21, 2011, a_night_owl from San Diego, CA wrote:

We planted one in summer 2006. It started fruiting the first spring. Very prolific tree - it will produce way more than your family can eat fresh - you will either need to preserve or give away the fruit. :) We get between 60 and 80 lbs a year from our tree, and the bulk ripens in about a two week period starting mid-June in our area. There are a few stragglers, but for two weeks you will need to pick daily.

I'm in coastal southern California and our winter lows rarely drop below 49 degrees in the winter. Even though the books say this variety needs 300-400 chill hours it will produce heavily in areas that get pretty much no chill.

It oversets fruit, but it self thins (they just fall off before mature) so it's not an issue.

No problems of note. ... read more


On Apr 21, 2011, vossner from East Texas,
United States (Zone 8a) wrote:

Planted in Fall 2009, producing fruit in Spring 2011. I have about 11 baby plums. Doubt the birds/squirrels will share.


On Apr 15, 2010, PinetopPlanter from Auburn Four Corners, PA (Zone 5a) wrote:

A beautiful tree, sculptural in appearance, especially with age. It has survived our severe winters (colder part of Zone 5), and provides a beautiful spring display, although fruiting can be off some years due to late spring frosts. When it does fruit, it is as spectacular as it is when in flower. More beautiful red plums than even a large family could possibly eat. I would not hesitate to plant this one again and again.

In our colder climate, the bloom stems seem to be shorter and the blossoms more 'bunched'


On Feb 18, 2009, mrs_colla from Marin, CA (Zone 9b) wrote:

An over-bearing tree, in a good way!
My mailman hit my tree with his large round mirror last year, and about 70 baby plums fell off. I was devastated!

BUT the tree still had so much fruit I had to give it away.
The fruit is large, very sweet and so juicy you'll get it all over yourself!


On Nov 20, 2008, TexasACMan from Kempner, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

This tree is a heavy fruiter, lots of plums in the 2 inch size range. Takes our Texas heat and dryness very well. I planted this tree in our back yard about 10 years ago at about 2 feet high. It bore fruit the next year. The only thing that I've done to this tree in 10 years is a light prunning in the winter. No water or fertilizer, and has produced fruit every year except this year (08), we had 3 " of snow on Easter this year while this tree was in full bloom. Go figure, Snow in Central Texas, especialy on easter.


On Jan 20, 2006, Farmerdill from Augusta, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:

Juicy, tangy, flavorful. Reddish-purple skin, amber flesh tinged red. Late June in Central Calif. 300 hours. Self-fruitful.