Croton 'Petra'

Codiaeum variegatum

Family: Euphorbiaceae (yoo-for-bee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Codiaeum (koh-dih-EE-um) (Info)
Species: variegatum (var-ee-GAY-tum) (Info)
Cultivar: Petra



Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade


Grown for foliage


Good Fall Color




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)


4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)


USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Can be grown as an annual


Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From woody stem cuttings

From softwood cuttings

From semi-hardwood cuttings

By simple layering

By air layering

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Hayward, California

Bartow, Florida

Big Pine Key, Florida

Boca Raton, Florida

Bonita Springs, Florida

Brooksville, Florida

Groveland, Florida

Hialeah, Florida

Hollywood, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida

Kissimmee, Florida

Marathon, Florida

Pompano Beach, Florida

Punta Gorda, Florida

Rotonda West, Florida

Sarasota, Florida

Tampa, Florida

Valrico, Florida

West Palm Beach, Florida

Winter Springs, Florida

Albuquerque, New Mexico

Vieques, Puerto Rico

Mcallen, Texas

San Angelo, Texas

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Mar 22, 2018, td1026 from Groveland, FL wrote:

One of the most popular landscaping plants in Florida. You'll see it in front yards, parking lots, and next to curbs/sidewalks all over the state. Thought it is overused it has a flair that makes it stand out in a tropical landscape. Looks great in a mass planting. It is fairly hardy surviving a prolonged freeze here that dipped to 28 F with no dieback. Drought tolerance is average. I planted two and one got killed by the weed eater. The less vigorous one was spared and it barely grew 5 inches in 3 years. This plant grows SLOW! It hasn't seemed to respond to osmocote either. I love the leaves so I'll keep it, hoping it puts on some size because they look really good when they do!


On Mar 30, 2015, BayAreaTropics from Hayward, CA wrote:

Petra had held all her leaves here in the SF bay area until Jan 1st. That's when we had an unpredicted freeze of 32f. Uncovered it seemed to hold up. But,by February when temps were getting warmer it began to defoliate. One of three in a pot pictured,might have died,the other dropped almost all its leaves but the stem and trunk seem alive. The third- the tallest in my photo has its top 50% of leaves..dropped the lower oldest leaves for some reason.Usually its the top that are killed -right?
So,I would say Petra will not take a frost as a potted plant well.
I wish I has put it on the porch for winter. There,with a roof over it I might have a still fine looking plant.


On Mar 30, 2015, Delayneplants from Grand Portage, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

I am not sure what to think of my Croton yet. The last one I had died very quickly so about 2 years later I just bought another (quite large~ so I've separated it into 3 planters) and so far all 3 seem to be doing OK....leaves keep falling off though. Guess I will just wait and see


On Jan 6, 2007, Strmdncr from Philadelphia, PA wrote:

This is my first croton and I just love it. So much color in one pot. I keep it in a northeastern facing window that gets full morning light and after only three months in my home it has doubled in size. This plant is a must try.


On Apr 11, 2005, Kameha from Kissimmee, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

A beautiful and easy plant to grow. It prefers full sun and lots of moisture in the soil but it can tolerate some drought. My three year old croton has been blooming non stop since december. I fertilize mine with slow release10-10-10 every 3 months but a fertilizer with a higher nitrogen content will suffice as well. Cannot beat the tropical flair and color this plant provides to the landscape.