Papaver, Oriental Poppy, Perennial Poppy 'Brilliant'

Papaver orientale

Family: Papaveraceae (pa-pav-er-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Papaver (puh-PAY-ver) (Info)
Species: orientale (or-ee-en-TAY-lee) (Info)
Cultivar: Brilliant
View this plant in a garden



Foliage Color:



Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:


Dark Purple/Black

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Mason, Michigan

Owosso, Michigan

Pinconning, Michigan

Geneva, Ohio

Salem, Oregon

Tiverton, Rhode Island

East Port Orchard, Washington

Edmonds, Washington

Woodinville, Washington

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Jun 1, 2011, SabraKhan from Tiverton, RI (Zone 6b) wrote:

Color of this poppy is a glowing red-ish orange that stands out when in bloom. Started mine from seed years ago and now the clump is good size with many buds. This cultivar is vigorous when established. I grow 4 other varieties of Oriental Poppy, but only 'Brilliant' thrives with vigor compared to the others that have more appealing bloom colors.


On Jan 31, 2011, gardeningfun from Harpersfield, OH (Zone 5a) wrote:

Planted this in June of 2010 from a nursery. The leaves emerged (as in picture), but then died down and never came back. I have no idea what happened to it. Hoping it will come back this year? I'm in zone 5.


On Mar 24, 2006, SW_gardener from (Zone 6a) wrote:

Makes a nice show of flowers in May/June. My plant is about 4 years old and in not quite full sun. Leaves yellow and die back after flowering leaving a hole in the garden.

I've been told that with proper fertilizing and something else, (sorry can't remember what it is) it will flower again in the fall.
I believe it's in 'Lois Holes Perennial Plant Guide' that this information on reblooming can be found.