Hyacinthoides Species, Spanish Bluebell, Wood Hyacinth

Hyacinthoides hispanica

Family: Asparagaceae
Genus: Hyacinthoides (hy-uh-sin-THOY-deez) (Info)
Species: hispanica (his-PAN-ih-kuh) (Info)
Synonym:Endymion campanulatus
Synonym:Endymion hispanicus
Synonym:Hyacinthoides non-scripta subsp. hispanica
Synonym:Scilla campanulata
Synonym:Scilla hispanica
View this plant in a garden



Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Light Shade

Partial to Full Shade



Foliage Color:



6-12 in. (15-30 cm)

12-18 in. (30-45 cm)


3-6 in. (7-15 cm)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:


Dark Blue


White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Juneau, Alaska

Alameda, California

Del Mar, California


Granite Bay, California

Long Beach, California

Cos Cob, Connecticut

Niantic, Connecticut

Torrington, Connecticut

Keystone Heights, Florida

Atlanta, Georgia(2 reports)

Dallas, Georgia

Decatur, Georgia

Boise, Idaho(2 reports)

Chicago, Illinois

Lincoln, Illinois

Lisle, Illinois

Mount Prospect, Illinois

Waterman, Illinois

Indianapolis, Indiana

Jeffersonville, Indiana

Macy, Indiana

Arma, Kansas

Portland, Maine

Arlington, Massachusetts

Bridgewater, Massachusetts

Revere, Massachusetts

Rowley, Massachusetts

Garden City, Michigan

Lincoln Park, Michigan

Westland, Michigan

Freehold, New Jersey

Jersey City, New Jersey

Vineland, New Jersey

Albuquerque, New Mexico

Los Alamos, New Mexico

Croton On Hudson, New York

Ithaca, New York

New Paltz, New York

Burlington, North Carolina

Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Elizabeth City, North Carolina(2 reports)

Raleigh, North Carolina

Cincinnati, Ohio

Circleville, Ohio

Cleveland, Ohio

Coshocton, Ohio

Grove City, Ohio

Niles, Ohio

Tipp City, Ohio

Hulbert, Oklahoma

Dallas, Oregon


Portland, Oregon(2 reports)

Salem, Oregon

Turner, Oregon

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

Clemson, South Carolina

Christiana, Tennessee

Nashville, Tennessee

Austin, Texas

Bedford, Texas

Salt Lake City, Utah

South Jordan, Utah

Tremonton, Utah

Mechanicsville, Virginia

Newport News, Virginia

Richmond, Virginia(2 reports)

Roanoke, Virginia

Winchester, Virginia

Brady, Washington

Grand Mound, Washington

Kalama, Washington

Montesano, Washington

Renton, Washington

Rochester, Washington

Seattle, Washington(2 reports)

Stanwood, Washington

Vancouver, Washington

New Lisbon, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On May 18, 2021, Illoquin from Indianapolis, IN (Zone 5b) wrote:

I bought a dozen of these in mixed colors in the early 1980s for a corner of our property my husband didnt want to mow any more. My idea was to make it into a woodland/woods garden. Very rough.

It wasnt until the bulbs had been down for 20-25 years that they became a problem. Here are some tips, though, if you really want to grow them because they are a nice bridge flower after the poet daffodils and before the stuff with the hairy polka dot leaves.....like Mrs. Moon.

They also grow and bloom in heavy ground cover such as English Ivy and euonymus.

I. In the beginning:

1. Choose pink and white or blue and white. Do not have three colors because you will end up with a lot of ugly mauve. I would have to say that white is better b... read more


On May 4, 2018, elliza from Portland, OR wrote:

Detestable and invasive. They send out masses of thin leaves that keep water from reaching soil beneath. They also leach out potassium and nutrients from the soil like crazy. But the worst characteristic is the almost cancerous spread of bulbs. When dug up I find mis-shapen masses of 5 to 20 bulbs with rhizomes spreading more.

I've been battling them for 3 years now. I've tried digging every bulb up but it cannot be done. My current approach is the one I used with thistles. I pull them up whenever I see them, and dig up what I can find of the bulbs if the leaves are vigorous or I'm in the mood. Sometimes in an excess of spleen, after I pull up the leaves I let the the bulb exhaust itself sending up new leaves then pull those. Once the bulk of the plants are out, I... read more


On Feb 26, 2017, Josephine_SC from Clemson, SC wrote:

Vigorous and incredibly reliable in SC. Multiplies but not to the point of invasiveness.


On Nov 27, 2015, truecedars from Arma, KS wrote:

I've planted this in my yard in Arma, Kansas and also on my family's farm about 60 miles away for the last two years. I've never seen it show any signs of being invasive. It grows well, extends the spring bulb flower season & is lovely. My only concern is that if I plant this on a site where the soil is rapidly draining and in full sun it might not be as drought tolerant as I would like. But then its still new to me and I plan on continuing to experiment with it. I would recommend this to anyone here in the Midwest that wants a variety of spring flowering bulbs!


On Oct 19, 2015, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

Vigorous, adaptable, attractive in bloom. This spreads both by seed and by rhizomes underground. The foliage takes a long time to yellow and die down in early summer, and releases a slimy juice when cut.

BONAP records this species has naturalized in CA, NC, VA, DE, NJ, and NY, as well as BC and ON.

The National Park Service considers this an invasive threat to wild areas in the mid-Atlantic states: http://www.nps.gov/plants/alien/pubs/midatlantic/midatlantic...

This species is also considered an invasive plant in Great Britain, where it threatens the charismatic/endemic bluebell woods through hybridization: ... read more


On May 26, 2015, lcskrafty from Del Mar, CA wrote:

I am astounded at how many areas of the country Blue Bells grow in! My father lived in Twin Falls Idaho as a child. In 1944 my grandmother & grandfather moved to San Marino California. My grandmother dug the bulbs out of the yard in Twin Falls and re-planted them in San Marino. To this day they are still alive and kicking! Mind you they are NOT invasive what so ever. My Grandmother also gave my Mom some Bulbs where she has resided for the past 45 years (Del Mar, CA) Mind you they are not invasive there either.
I agree with the person that said it must be the Pacific North West.....


On Mar 6, 2015, reflid from Portland, OR wrote:

Looks to me like the NW is the place for these to become devil plants -- from reading the posts, they behave themselves in other eco zones. But if you live East of the Cascades, watch out.

Last year, I bought a home and removed about 800 bulbs. What I didn't know that Spanish Hyacinths generate new bulbs from tiny bits of bulbs and, I suspect, pieces of the bulb roots.

This year, I've already spent about 9 hours in the same bed, removing more--some big ones that I missed last year and tons of tiny ones that are new this year. The latter causes me to question propagation by bulb root.

If you want to remove this invader, I suggest removing the soil where they grow lest it contain tiny pieces of root. Also, clean your work tools before moving... read more


On Nov 13, 2014, raspberrypicket from Circleville, OH wrote:

I have a patch of Spanish Bluebells i planted ten or more years ago. I live in Circleville, Ohio zone 5. I have never had a problem of them spreading out of control. Actually when I purchased and planted them I wanted to spread! They are planted under a beautiful Japanese Maple and I look forward to their arrival every spring!


On May 27, 2014, want2buy from Brady, WA wrote:

Naturalizes to the point of killing everything else, or taking shelter under and around roots of shrubs and trees. The bulbs connect to others underground by tendrils, and also by adding tiny seed-sized bulbs around themselves at the same time. When the flowers dry, round hard seeds form and you can have hundreds of new hardy seeds flying around your beds, yard and neighborhood. They certainly don't need careful planting and self sow. If you have moderately good soil and fair amounts of water you will be facing a major battle. Bulbs must be removed by hand, including tendril. Weed whack but leave tips of the green so you can find the bulbs still, but keep leaves from storing energy for those bulbs. Sift the soil of all bulbs small and large. Some bulbs will be as big as turnips and ... read more


On Mar 10, 2013, sarahvk from Nuenen,
Netherlands wrote:

A pretty plant but I would strongly advise caution if considering, especially for those that border natural woodland. I have no problem with plants self generating if they are easily controllable if necessary, but in my garden, H. hispanica has multiplied through seed and offsets and is proving to be an aggresive and resilient plant. Its wandering far to much for my liking and is in the process of pushing out other plants. Many of the bulbs have drawn themselves deep into the earth making them extraordinarily difficult to dig out around other established plants. I am currently digging some bulbs out as deep as 30cm. This main group is growing in a sunny position and I've now noticed them coming up in a fairly shady spot amongst my mass planting of Chionodoxa which they will overrun if I do... read more


On May 13, 2012, rickc304 from Niles, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

This is an attractive and fragrant spring ephemeral. Makes a great addition to any spring garden.


On May 2, 2012, Garbear from Niantic, CT wrote:

We just found out what our mystery plant in the side garden was after 24 years of living here on this property. It is a White Wood Hyacinth, and has bloomed consistently in late Spring/early Summer the whole time we've been here, with no care whatsoever. It just blooms and lives happily in its' spot, never changing much, and is trouble-free in our climate and non-invasive. Our location is Niantic, Connecticut.


On May 17, 2011, kljflower from Tipp City, OH (Zone 5b) wrote:

Interesting that the only place in US where it seems to be "invasive" is in the northwest. In my small town north of Dayton, Ohio, this plant has mutiplied but in no way is it a problem. I have blue and white and my mother in same town has lavender. My biggest "problem" with them is that sometimes I forget where they are and plant something that overpowers the wood hyacinth. They seem to be quite patient though and still bloom all smashed up next to something. Very nice spring flowering filler plant. I like the idea of planting them with hostas to give a little interest while the hostas are getting themselves growing.


On May 2, 2011, tabasco from Cincinnati (Anderson Twp), OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

As noted by others the Spanish Bluebell can be invasive in some garden environments and in the UK is said to be crowding out the historic native English Bluebell and is of national concern to British horticulturalists. In our zone 6 (Cincinnati Ohio) garden I would not call it 'invasive' but rather a sturdy reliable spring bloomer.

We plant these bluebells along the woodland edge where shade often prevails and the rabbits and deer graze but ignore this plant. We also have used it in dry areas where it gets along quite happily, which I guess makes sense since this variety was originally found in Spanish and Portuguese dry rocky environments.

Our Spanish bluebells are a welcome addition and bloom with the pagoda dogwoods, columbines, spring blooming clemati... read more


On May 17, 2010, Ficurinia from Portland, OR wrote:

I love plants, but I stop loving them when they take over my garden. This one was an unexpected and unwanted guest that ended up EVERYWHERE! Stay away from it!!!


On May 8, 2010, Jeanniegardener from Lisle, IL (Zone 5a) wrote:

These are flowering now (May 8, 2010) along the edges in our Hosta Garden. They have been in the same small clumps evenly spaced for 16 years. We love them!


On Nov 25, 2009, bonehead from Cedarhome, WA (Zone 8b) wrote:

Lovely as an underplanting to lilacs. They are very eager, and care should be given to their placement. I use them with daffodils and ferns for a nice transition.


On May 12, 2009, anelson77 from Seattle, WA wrote:

These are weedy in Seattle and cannot be removed easily. In shady places they spread pretty fast. They do look nice in May, but I would not plant unless you are sure you don't want to grow anything else, ever.


On Apr 3, 2009, DayBloomer from Elizabeth City, NC (Zone 8b) wrote:

Beautiful little plant. My mother always had it in her beds and I keep them too. I've never had trouble with them taking over in my zone 8, they stay in nice little clumps here. They come in blue, pink and white and are adorable when blooming.


On Apr 30, 2007, Lseattle from Renton, WA (Zone 7b) wrote:

A bought a house recently in the Seattle area and the yard is over run by wood hyacinth. It is a pretty plant but I consider it a noxious weed in my yard. It has taken over the garden beds and spread into the woods next to my property and overwhelming the native ground covers. It forms giant masses of bulbs and also must spread by seed because it turns up everywhere. Unless you dig out every piece of the bulb, it will regrow. I have left bits of torn-up bulb on the driveway all winter and the bits sprout and flower in the spring right on the concrete! I don't believe in spraying herbicides but I might for this one. It is out of control. I prefer my native plants to this foreigner.


On Feb 11, 2006, TBGDN from (Zone 5a) wrote:

A good mid-spring flowering bulb which multiplies (for me at least) very quickly. They come in a range of pastel colors including whites, pink/rose and light to mid-blue. I have seen some major plant nurseries selling these as 'English Bluebells' when in fact they originated in Spain, and are more properly named 'Spanish Bluebells' or commonly called 'Wood Hyacinths'. Mine came from the Netherlands, so European countries have had this plant around for a long, long time no doubt. I like to keep perennial gardens in bloom with a variety of mixed plants, and this one is a good choice.


On Apr 17, 2005, sterhill from Atlanta, GA (Zone 7b) wrote:

Atlanta - I have this in very dry shade under some huge sweet gum trees. I have heard them called "brutes" as they do multiply, but in a woodland setting I think this is a positive feature. They are so lovely in their blue masses. I do not find them anymore "invasive" than iris or daylily.


On Apr 17, 2005, lmelling from Ithaca, NY (Zone 5b) wrote:

I have a small patch of these given to me by my mother-in-law a number of years ago. They do well even in an well drained but moist area with clay soil in part shade. The dainty, lavendar bell shaped flowers are a delight in late spring!


On Apr 16, 2005, angelam from melbourne,
Australia wrote:

This plant does much better in warmer areas than the English bluebell. It is larger and a bit stiffer in its growth habit, a lovely blue in a Spring garden. Mine seem quite intolerant of shade, they'll flower in full sun, but anywhere where shade has developed in Spring they stop flowering, though still produce lush foliage. They are very easy to move.


On Apr 2, 2004, sycrasy from Atlanta, GA wrote:

Fabulous freely-spreading perennial. Naturalized in Atlanta city limits, can be seen popping up in the most unkempt overgrown yards around town.

Has naturalized in my shady, wet back yard. Blooms a couple weeks earlier in full sun, but spreads into shady areas first. Heavy bloom late March early April; very fragrant flowers. Clumps of vivid green daffodil like foliage about 12-18" tall with a two foot spread send up as many as eight flower stalks with a dozen blooms apiece.

The "native" type here in Atlanta holds a deep purple bloom. Very sweet plant pops up with the daffodils in spring and blooms shortly after. In fact a couple of tall, silvery-blue (foliage) daffodils and the wood hyacinth come up in a mixed patch and the combination is smashing. N... read more


On May 31, 2003, lupinelover from Grove City, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

A wonderful addition to a woodland garden. They come in a variety of colors, and by allowing them to naturalize, some variations can occur. Plant some late-emerging perennials or annuals to help mask the bare spaces when they go dormant.