Rubus Species, Dewberry, Japanese Wineberry, Wine Raspberry, Wineberry

Rubus phoenicolasius

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Rubus (ROO-bus) (Info)
Species: phoenicolasius (fee-nee-ko-LAY-see-us) (Info)


Edible Fruits and Nuts

Water Requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)


USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:


White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From woody stem cuttings

From softwood cuttings

By simple layering

Seed Collecting:

Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Petaluma, California

Westport, Connecticut

Baltimore, Maryland

Brookeville, Maryland

Saint Leonard, Maryland

Groton, Massachusetts

Lindstrom, Minnesota

Phillipsburg, New Jersey

Croton On Hudson, New York

Hickory, North Carolina

Guysville, Ohio

Salem, Oregon

Hamburg, Pennsylvania

Royersford, Pennsylvania

Verona, Pennsylvania

West Chester, Pennsylvania

Woodbridge, Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Aug 31, 2019, EdibleLandscaping92 from Oak Lawn, IL wrote:

First of all, I bought 4 japanese wineberry (rubus phoenicolasius) plants from about 3 years ago now. I am in the Chicago burbs and my area is categorized as being Zone 5b where minimum temperatures range from -10 to -15 F. Wineberry is listed as hardy to USDA Zone 5 (annual minimum temperatures to -20F) on almost all the sources I've seen. However, I have been unable to overwinter my canes either because harsh winter or late frosts. The canes appear healthy and vigorous but have been unable to overwinter and fruit. As you may know, wineberry fruits on 2nd year wood so that is disheartening. I applied a thick layer of mulch this year and I'm hoping for a prolific crop next year. If they fail to overwinter once more I may create a anti-frost tunnel to protect them. I th... read more


On Jul 23, 2015, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

This invasive East Asian plant is running wild in southeast Pennsylvania in many places, especially upland woodland edges. The soils are silty clay loams or all clay soils with pH usually about 6.0 to 7.0.


On Apr 19, 2015, RashDecisions from Baltimore, MD wrote:

Negative experience, allergic reaction lasted for 2 weeks+.
Thanks to 'Dave's Garden' site for the best pictures and ID of this plant. I describe my reaction in case case others are 'itching' for an answer...

Spring cleanup at home in Baltimore & I pulled a 4 foot crawler from the fence when it brushed my neck (barely any contact!) but one thorn sticks...

Luckily, I was by chance wearing long sleeves and work gloves as within an hour contact site resolved what I thought was a spider bite or bee sting. 4" circular rash with angry core. Applied topical 1% hydrocortisone (OTC) but endured localized itching and 3 days of 'weeping' (yes, gross).

Lesion cleared significantly, but not completely after 7 days. Secondary reaction apparent as sma... read more


On Feb 21, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

Two states have banned the trade, transport, or planting of this species due to its invasiveness in natural areas. It's on the invasive plant lists for 6 states. This has become a species of concern to organizations dealing with the environment in the eastern and midwestern US.

Flowering raspberry (Rubus odoratus) is native to eastern and midwestern North America and makes a better ornamental than Rubus phoenicolasius. It has much bigger, showier pink flowers, like single roses, over a long season. The canes have bristles but no prickers. The fruit is ornamental and edible, though I don't find it especially tasty. (I don't care for the Japanese wineberry's fruit, either.)


On Jun 16, 2013, CaptMicha from Brookeville, MD (Zone 7a) wrote:

Wine raspberry is an invasive, alien pest in Maryland. It'll grow just about anywhere and does. The only positive is that it produces edible berries but so would a native raspberry species.

It has soft, fuzzy broad leaves. The canes are thickly bristled with hair like thorns.

Flower buds are covered in what looks almost like red velvety hair. Flower petals are very small and purple/pink in color. Which helps to differentiate this plant from other raspberries.

Fruit is wine red to black and sweet, though small. It's eaten by animals and their droppings spread seeds far and wide, which readily germinate.


On Jun 24, 2009, scirpidiella from Pińczw,
Poland (Zone 6b) wrote:

Plants grow good even in sandy dry soil. Frost hardy. Very ornamental, even in winter (red shoots). Good grow from stratified seeds.


On Sep 28, 2004, tcfromky from Mercer, PA (Zone 5a) wrote:

This plant fruits even in the shade. Excellent flavor and color. Originally from Japan. Fruits are produced in mid summer on two-year wood.