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Geum Species, White Avens

Geum canadense

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Geum (JEE-um) (Info)
Species: canadense (ka-na-DEN-see) (Info)
Synonym:Geum canadense var. canadense



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade

Light Shade

Partial to Full Shade



Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer




Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Morrilton, Arkansas

Deerfield, Illinois

New Carlisle, Indiana

Oakland City, Indiana

Valparaiso, Indiana

Derby, Kansas

Bardstown, Kentucky

Morehead, Kentucky

Rockville, Maryland

Erie, Michigan

Grand Rapids, Michigan

Omaha, Nebraska

Frenchtown, New Jersey

Pittsboro, North Carolina

Lorain, Ohio

Arlington, Texas

Austin, Texas

Desoto, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas

Garland, Texas

Roanoke, Virginia

Vienna, Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Oct 22, 2016, judielaine from Pittsboro, NC wrote:

We've moved into a home where the woods and non-natives were allowed to grow right up to the house. We've been clearing, and i've found the rosettes of this plant to be extremely attractive. I read that they will do well under black walnuts, and so i plan to transplant the colony that is in the area we walk to under our black walnut. They do seem to have reproduced well, so i do have plants to trade.


On Jun 13, 2013, plant_it from Valparaiso, IN wrote:

Positive rating because for me it's a native plant. Anything growing in my woods that's not garlic mustard is a welcome sight. It's native range is Nova Scotia to South Dakota to Georgia to eastern Texas.

The root system consists of a taproot and rhizomes. Occasionally forms colonies.

Apparently the foliage of White Avens is not often grazed by White-Tailed Deer.

The small white flower is pretty enough. Each flower is replaced by a spheroid cluster of achenes with styles that are hooked at their tips. This fruiting cluster spans about " across; it is initially green, but eventually turns brown. The hooked achenes can cling to the fur of mammals, feathers of birds, and clothing of humans; by this means, they are distributed far and wide.


On Nov 16, 2008, LouC from Desoto, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Find this little plant hard to contain. Comes up everywhere. Very reliable if you can keep it where you want.


On May 22, 2006, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

White Avens, Geum canadense, is a lovely perennial Texas wildflower that makes an excellent groundcover and is good in sun or light shade.
The pretty foliage is lmost evergreen.