Ratibida Species, Mexican Hats, Thimbleflower, Upright Prairie Coneflower

Ratibida columnifera

Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Ratibida (ruh-TIB-ih-duh) (Info)
Species: columnifera (kol-um-NEE-fer-uh) (Info)
Synonym:Ratibida columnaris
Synonym:Rudbeckia columnaris
Synonym:Rudbeckia columnifera
View this plant in a garden



Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun



This plant is resistant to deer

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


15-18 in. (38-45 cm)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Scarlet (dark red)

Gold (yellow-orange)

Bright Yellow


Bloom Characteristics:

Flowers are good for cutting

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Auburn, Alabama

Concho, Arizona

Maricopa, Arizona

Phoenix, Arizona

Bigelow, Arkansas

Morrilton, Arkansas

Anderson, California

Hesperia, California

Magalia, California

Merced, California

Richmond, California

Sacramento, California

Fort Collins, Colorado

Kiowa, Colorado

Montrose, Colorado

Pueblo, Colorado

High Springs, Florida

Inverness, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida

Pompano Beach, Florida

Sarasota, Florida

Tallahassee, Florida

Atlanta, Georgia

Suwanee, Georgia

Boise, Idaho

Bolingbrook, Illinois

Itasca, Illinois

Joliet, Illinois

Olive Branch, Illinois

Palmyra, Illinois

Waukegan, Illinois

Delphi, Indiana

Indianola, Iowa

Pacific Junction, Iowa

Derby, Kansas

Barbourville, Kentucky

Benton, Kentucky

Ewing, Kentucky

Louisville, Kentucky

Taylorsville, Kentucky

Bossier City, Louisiana

Greenwell Springs, Louisiana

Zachary, Louisiana

Foxboro, Massachusetts

Ferrysburg, Michigan

Mason, Michigan

Anoka, Minnesota

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Mathiston, Mississippi

Lincoln, Nebraska

Henderson, Nevada

Las Vegas, Nevada

Manchester, New Hampshire

Albuquerque, New Mexico

Mesquite, New Mexico

Roswell, New Mexico

Clifton Park, New York

Pittsford, New York

Cliffside, North Carolina

Garner, North Carolina

Belfield, North Dakota

Cincinnati, Ohio

Fremont, Ohio

Glouster, Ohio

Haviland, Ohio

Lynchburg, Ohio

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Sayre, Pennsylvania

Columbia, South Carolina

Hixson, Tennessee

Arlington, Texas

Austin, Texas

Boerne, Texas

Brownwood, Texas

Buffalo, Texas

Bulverde, Texas

Carrollton, Texas

Comanche, Texas

Corpus Christi, Texas

Dallas, Texas

De Leon, Texas

Denison, Texas

Desoto, Texas

Dripping Springs, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas

Frisco, Texas

Garland, Texas

Gilmer, Texas

Haltom City, Texas

Harlingen, Texas

Hemphill, Texas

Huntsville, Texas

Kerrville, Texas

Princeton, Texas

San Antonio, Texas(2 reports)

Spicewood, Texas

Spring Branch, Texas

Magna, Utah

Ogden, Utah

Salt Lake City, Utah(2 reports)

South Jordan, Utah

Sterling, Virginia(2 reports)

Clarkston, Washington

Clarkston Heights-Vineland, Washington

Kalama, Washington

Spokane, Washington

Vancouver, Washington

West Clarkston-Highland, Washington

Morgantown, West Virginia

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Casper, Wyoming

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jul 5, 2007, Xenomorf from Phoenix, AZ (Zone 9b) wrote:

Ratibida columnaris var. pulcherrima (The red petaled variety).....Seen growing along the side of the road between Concho & Showlow, Arizona. Apache County, Highway 61, June 30th, mid Summer, zone 6b, elevation 6300 ft.


On Jun 8, 2007, darylmitchell from Saskatoon, SK (Zone 3a) wrote:

This plant's native range extends to the northern plains, and is quite common where I live in Saskatchewan.


On May 23, 2007, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Mexican Hat, Ratibida columnifera is a lovely wildflower Native to Texas and other States.


On Sep 3, 2005, flowercrazy39 from Manchester, NH wrote:

I'm growing the Prairie Coneflower and it's bloomed this first season from seed. Very nice and easy to maintain.


On Apr 7, 2005, bggarden1 from Olive Branch, IL (Zone 6b) wrote:

started from seed. Now 4 years old . One of my favorite wild flowers. Was surprised it started so easy from seed.


On Mar 2, 2005, saya from Heerlen,
Netherlands (Zone 8b) wrote:

This is a lovely gardenplant and seldom seen overhere in Netherlands. It's droughtresistant, likes sun and has a very long bloomingperiod...looking nice in all stages... even with spent flowers. I hope it 's a perennial overhere.
If not...I 'm sure I 'll sow it again.


On Oct 11, 2004, tcfromky from Mercer, PA (Zone 5a) wrote:

This plant is adapted to a wide variety of soils but prefers soils which are well drained. It is drought hardy.

American Indians used the leaves and stems to make a tea to treat a variety of ailments,two of which were stomachaches and headaches. The Cheyennes used a solution made by boiling the leaves and stems to treat rattlesnake bites and relieve poison ivy, also.


On Sep 6, 2004, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

A great little wildflower that seems to always put in an apperance along the roadways and medians.

It re-seeds and returns like clockwork and you can always count on it to perform. There are few pests that find it attractive, so it always looks nice.


On Jun 15, 2004, Wingnut from Spicewood, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

One of my favorite wildflowers. This plant laughs at our Texas heat and drought ~ sails right through it with nary a hiccup.


On Jul 22, 2002, Chili from Raleigh, NC wrote:

very durable perennial. original plants are 13 years old now (from seed) and continue to perform like clockwork. I have two colors, a solid yellow and a rust/yellow mix. I think they are both columnifera based on the foliage although I am not certain. blooms all summer long. mixes very well with miscanthus and hemerocallis