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Tamarack, American Larch, Hackmatack, Eastern Larch, Red Larch

Larix laricina

Family: Pinaceae (py-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Larix (LAR-iks) (Info)
Species: laricina (lar-uh-SEE-nuh) (Info)
Synonym:Larix americana
Synonym:Pinus laricina




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


30-40 ft. (9-12 m)

over 40 ft. (12 m)


over 40 ft. (12 m)


USDA Zone 2b: to -42.7 C (-45 F)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:


Pale Yellow

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer


Grown for foliage


Good Fall Color

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From woody stem cuttings

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; direct sow after last frost

By grafting

Seed Collecting:

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Anchorage, Alaska

Ingleside, Illinois

Lisle, Illinois

Wheaton, Illinois

South China, Maine

Traverse City, Michigan

Brainerd, Minnesota

Ely, Minnesota

Binghamton, New York

Cheshire, Oregon

Blakeslee, Pennsylvania

Lititz, Pennsylvania

Ogden, Utah

Newport Center, Vermont

Kansasville, Wisconsin

Theresa, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On May 14, 2015, Sequoiadendron4 from Lititz, PA (Zone 6b) wrote:

I planted this as a first or second year sapling in 2010. It was a 2' tall stick back then. It is now about 10' tall with many side branches. The caliper is about 2". The needles are very soft all season and the cones are a beautiful burgundy/brown when young. Fall foliage is killer and often a bright golden yellow. The tree has a very unique stature in the landscape and grows well here despite being in the southern end of its natural range.


On May 8, 2015, PatYates from Ogden, UT wrote:

I was told I'd never get this to grow in the hot dry summers here. I have 2 that are doing just fine. I just water the heck out of them during the summer. It's impossible to overwater these as they can even grow in standing water.

Beautiful trees.


On Jul 3, 2014, Marcelde from Cheshire, OR (Zone 8b) wrote:

This Larch is growing in coastal Oregon but even in July has lost most of its needles. Never-the-less it continues to gain height!


On Mar 7, 2014, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

I have seen it growing in the swamps of the northwoods in northern Minnesota and Wisconsin and it is native over most of Canada and Alaska. I have seen some growing in central Wisconsin along Route 41 near the Kettle Moraine area, and I finally visited Volo Bog in northeast Illinois, just south of Fox Lake off Route 59, to view a big colony along the bog and lake. It has a wonderful airy, bright green, fine texture. It can be grown in regular landscapes in the northern USA from USDA Zones 2 to 6. There are a few cultivars that have been developed for landscapes. In June 2015 I saw one maturing specimen at Morton Arboretum in Lisle, Illinois that is doing well in the Northern Illinois Collection in well-drained silty soil of pH 7.0. I found one planted in the conifer collection at Cantigni ... read more


On Jan 12, 2010, theNobody14161 from Kalamazoo, MI wrote:

Mresfeatherflower, If tamarack gets enough cold water it should do fine.


On Sep 12, 2009, msfeatherflower from Sugar Land, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

I live in Houston, Texas and just received a one gallon seedling of this tree (about 24" tall) that had originally been growing in Wisconsin. Is there any hope that this tree will grow here? What would be the best growing conditons for it?


On Feb 26, 2008, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

There are small patches of American Larch not too far from my house in a swamp environment. They are also found further north, into Elk River, and I have seen mature speciments into the swamps of the Minnesota Arboretum. Very slow growing but would grows quickly under ideal conditions. American Larch is rarely offered in the plant trade because it loves cool conditions and require damp to swampy soil and perform lousy in average soil unless you are lucky! Peterson Field Guides said European Larch have longer needles but it is tough without compare the two side to side.


On Jan 31, 2005, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Nice tree for bonsai. Native to North America. Likes moist soil. Pruning may be done in autumn and winter. Cuttings can be taken in late summer. Needles appear in a brush-like habit along the branches - light blue-green in summer and yellow in autumn.


On Nov 2, 2004, lmelling from Ithaca, NY (Zone 5b) wrote:

At first glance, and seeing this tree in summer, you would group Tamarack AKA Larch, in with other "evergreen" conifers, however, these trees drop their needles in fall and go through the winter bare-branched unlike pines, spruces and true evergreens. Here in zone 5, Tamarack generally keep their green color until late into October and around the first of November the needles will turn a bright yellow and then drop. Needles start to appear generally in late April or early May the following spring.

Larch cones usually run 1" - 1-1/2" long and form a many petalled egg-like shape. They are often used in crafts.


On Aug 26, 2002, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Mature individuals are typically between 50 and 75 feet tall, although occasional specimens reach over 100 feet. Tamarack has one of the widest ranges of all North American conifers.