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Osage Orange, Bois d'arc, Bodock Tree, Horse Apple, Hedge Apple 'Whiteshield'

Maclura pomifera

Family: Moraceae (mor-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Maclura (muh-KLOO-ruh) (Info)
Species: pomifera (pom-EE-fer-uh) (Info)
Cultivar: Whiteshield




Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


over 40 ft. (12 m)


30-40 ft. (9-12 m)

over 40 ft. (12 m)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round in hardiness zone


Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

Pale Green

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From woody stem cuttings

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Saint John, Indiana

Smiths Grove, Kentucky

Coushatta, Louisiana

Rosedale, Maryland

Ann Arbor, Michigan

Las Vegas, Nevada

Fort Worth, Texas

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Nov 17, 2016, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

A thornless, non-fruiting cultivar of this tough, adaptable small tree. It will be an excellent addition to the short list of trees suitable for planting in difficult urban sites and on the great plains.

The cultivar name is 'White Shield', found in western Oklahoma by plantsman Steve Bieberich. It is the best of the three "thornless" cultivars available. It matures at 20 to 40 feet (6 to 12 m) tall with similar spread.

It is reliably hardy only to Z5a, where it shows minor winter twig dieback.

Exceptionally fast growing once established, it tolerates very droughty, windy, and hot sites. It can tolerate salt spray, air pollution, and a wide pH range, including highly alkaline soils, and is said to tolerate wet conditions as well. It has no serio... read more


On May 31, 2012, estauch from White Settlement, TX wrote:

I recently moved from a house in Sanger, TX that was built in either the late 1890s or very early 1900s. This 2,500 sq. ft. home still rests on the original piers, which are Bois d'arc stumps set in the ground. They are still extremely hard and solid over 100 years later. While cutting firewood one year, I accidently cut into a bois d'arc branch and was amazed at the bright orange wood. I took a piece and made a decoration with my table saw. My saw was in a tool shed with a dirt floor which means there were LOTS of bugs in it! Of course after sawing the Bois d'arc, there now was lots of sawdust on the ground. I noticed that for months and months afterwards, I didn't see any insects or spiders in my shed, so yes, it is an insect repellent. If you take the 'apples' and cut them in qu... read more


On Nov 28, 2008, starfarmer from Ann Arbor, MI (Zone 6a) wrote:

Although the "Dangers" field of this entry comments on the sharp and dangerous throns of Maclura, in fact this cultivar is the *thornless* variety of Osage Orange.

While the species is excellent for barrier hedges and will do fine for wildlife shelterbelts, it has always been a shame that such a tough, attractive and carefree tree has been unsuitable for street and lawn use because of its wicked thorns; it was a situation Osage Orange had in common with the species form of Honey Locust, with which it grows in the riverine central midwest.

Fortunately for every American city north of the subtropics, thornless varieties of Honey Locust (notably "Moraine", "Shademaster", "Sunburst" and "Skyline") became common beginning in the 1940s.

Unfortunately,... read more