Hot Pepper 'Chile de Arbol'

Capsicum annuum

Family: Solanaceae (so-lan-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Capsicum (KAP-sih-kum) (Info)
Species: annuum (AN-yoo-um) (Info)
Cultivar: Chile de Arbol
Additional cultivar information:(aka Bird's Beak, De Arbol)
» View all varieties of Peppers


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Heat (Pungency):

Hot (5,000 to 30,000 Scoville Units)

Fruit Shape:


Fruit Size:

Small (under 2" in length)

Medium (4" to 6" in length)

Fruit Color:

Green changing to red

Disease Resistance:

Unknown - Tell us

Seed Type:



Fresh (salsa, salads)



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Propagation Methods:

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

Days to Maturity:

Late (more than 80 days)

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Can be grown as an annual


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Ceres, California

Escondido, California

Los Angeles, California

Oceanside, California

Sun City, California

Miami, Florida

Canyon Lake, Texas

Houston, Texas(2 reports)

Liberty Hill, Texas

San Marcos, Texas

Charlottesville, Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Feb 9, 2013, thesergey from Escondido, CA wrote:

Purchased as a seedling at El Plantio Nursery and grown in a container. Once the plant got started, it has been producing a nice amount of peppers throughout the season. Other varieties that I planted seemed to produce in distinct harvests whereas this one keeps adding peppers. The pepper itself has a nice flavor and is easy to dry due to its size and fruit wall thickness.

I've kept this in a container on a south-facing concrete patio during the sprint and winter and relocated to a partial shade spot for the summer.


On Oct 19, 2008, rickbayless from Charlottesville, VA wrote:

This variety is hardy and easy to grow. The plant is a 12 to 15 inch bush with thick woody trunk which looks like a miniature tree (thus the name "de arbol"). The fruit are 3" slender and dark red, prolific and similar to Cayenne in taste. Reported to be 15,000 to 30,000 SHU. One of the easiest chiles to dry.


On Aug 27, 2005, kanita from Los Angeles, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

A traditional Latin American hot pepper. Thin walled and usually used dried and powdered for adding flavor and "heat" to spanish soups, stews and many other dishes. Thread on a string and hang to dry, then use as needed.


On Nov 2, 2004, Farmerdill from Augusta, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:

(90 days) From Chihuahua, Mexico, the famous "Birds Beak" Chile! Tree-like plants that reach 3'-4' tall and produce these wonderful Caynenne type chili's that are usually ground into powders or dried for "Ristras". A very nice hot and smokey flavor.