Crinum Species, Giant Spider Lily, Queen Emma Lily

Crinum amabile

Family: Amaryllidaceae (am-uh-ril-id-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Crinum (KRY-num) (Info)
Species: amabile (a-MAH-bih-lee) (Info)
Synonym:Crinum amabile var. augustum
Synonym:Crinum augustum
Synonym:Crinum superbum




Ponds and Aquatics

Water Requirements:

Very high moisture needs; suitable for bogs and water gardens

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade

Light Shade



Foliage Color:



18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:



Medium Purple

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

Seed Collecting:

Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Yuma, Arizona

Huntington Beach, California

Yorba Linda, California

Boynton Beach, Florida

Cape Coral, Florida(2 reports)

Gainesville, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida

North Miami Beach, Florida

Ocala, Florida

Orlando, Florida(2 reports)

Plant City, Florida

Port Charlotte, Florida(2 reports)

Saint Petersburg, Florida

Satellite Beach, Florida

Stuart, Florida

Sun City Center, Florida

Tampa, Florida

Valrico, Florida

West Palm Beach, Florida

Winter Haven, Florida

Brunswick, Georgia

Hilo, Hawaii

Honolulu, Hawaii

Honomu, Hawaii


Kapaa, Hawaii

Wailua Homesteads, Hawaii

Baton Rouge, Louisiana

New Orleans, Louisiana

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Cayce, South Carolina

Sumter, South Carolina

Bryan, Texas

College Station, Texas

Ennis, Texas

Galveston, Texas(2 reports)

Houston, Texas

New Caney, Texas

Rockport, Texas

San Antonio, Texas

Spring, Texas

Christiansted, Virgin Islands

Cabin Creek, West Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Mar 21, 2021, rkaralius from Christiansted, VI wrote:

The flowers have an amazing smell but drip very sticky sap which is very hard too remove. We will cut a flower stalk to about 12 to 16 inches of stem after the first set of flowers bloom, place in water wit paper under to catch any sap. They will open a fewevery day for a week or more. In the US Virgin Islands they can grow 5 to 6 foot tall and need little attention except trimming dead leaves, water in dry season and splitting up every 3 to 5 years.


On Feb 3, 2020, YLgardenman from Yorba Linda, CA wrote:

I started with one small plant I bought online. I moved maybe a 2 years later and brought the plant with me planting it in a temporary space that tended to dry out some because I had to hand water it. It is full sun. There it developed about 8 baby plants. When my yard was ready to be landscaped about a year ago I moved the original and all 8 baby plants into new planters. They are still in full sun but also get more regular watering which I can tell it loves. It flowers off and on during the warmer months. The flowers only last several days to a week. The flowers look and smell great. In full sun the leaves are mostly purple but turn to green as they age. I have seen these in Hawaii with the base of the plant over 4 feet tall and leaves extending out 6 feet long and 8-12 inches wide. Amaz... read more


On Jul 12, 2017, Bonniesj from Chesterfield, VA wrote:

I had this plant in my front yard in Florida. When we sold that house, I brought one of the plants back to Michigan. There it lived in my well lighted front foyer for five years. It did not bloom and its leaves lost their purple color. However it made a beautiful large, lush indoor plant. Now it is in my garden room at my new home in Virginia. It will be interesting to see if there is enough light to regain purple leaves again. Of course it could live on the sunny deck and probably be purple if I didn't mind if the bugs chewed on it!! I will bet no one has thought to use it as an indoor plant! Try it!!


On Jun 8, 2012, smurfwv from Cabin Creek, WV (Zone 6a) wrote:

I wanted to clear up the heigth and with information, its incorrect. Queen emma can get over 6 feet tall and 8 feet wide, with flower spikes 6 feet tall. This plant should be spaced 4-6 feet apart.


On Aug 25, 2011, Code3 from Huntington Beach, CA wrote:

Does very well in Southern California. I have mine planted in full sun in coastal area of Huntington Beach, CA.


On May 17, 2011, nefertiti58 from Yuma, AZ wrote:

This plant has been in my family for 45 years or more, my Dad had the plants and most of us kids now have them too, We live in Arizona
and it gets super hot here ,the plants i have reach to 7 feet or taller I
did not know they could get this big until I grew mine no one else here
has ever got theirs to grow this big! It produces babies like crazy I am always giving them away...I have 20 adult plants that all bloom, mine also start blooming as young plants...I love these plants they grow great in arizona,best in part shade...such a pretty bloom they give! On the list where they grow I did not see arizona, yes they grow in Yuma ,Az one of the hottest places in AZ.