Lily Turf, Lilyturf, Monkey Grass 'Big Blue'

Liriope muscari

Family: Ruscaceae
Genus: Liriope (lir-RYE-oh-pee) (Info)
Species: muscari (mus-KAR-ee) (Info)
Cultivar: Big Blue



Foliage Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


6-12 in. (15-30 cm)


9-12 in. (22-30 cm)


USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade



Bloom Color:


Bloom Time:

Late Summer/Early Fall


Grown for foliage



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Mobile, Alabama

Phoenix, Arizona

Tolleson, Arizona

Brandon, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida

Thomasville, Georgia

Chicago, Illinois

Lowell, Indiana

Portland, Indiana

Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Lake Charles, Louisiana

West Friendship, Maryland

Dracut, Massachusetts

Grass Lake, Michigan

Florissant, Missouri

Kansas City, Missouri

Mont Vernon, New Hampshire

Roswell, New Mexico

Elba, New York

Mars Hill, North Carolina

New Bern, North Carolina

Cortland, Ohio

Dayton, Ohio (2 reports)

Xenia, Ohio

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Stilwell, Oklahoma

Morrisville, Pennsylvania

Sinnamahoning, Pennsylvania

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

Anderson, South Carolina

Awendaw, South Carolina

Florence, South Carolina

Ladys Island, South Carolina

Austin, Texas

Colleyville, Texas

Fredericksburg, Texas

Kemp, Texas

Nome, Texas

Round Rock, Texas

San Antonio, Texas

Spring, Texas

Earlysville, Virginia

Portsmouth, Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Dec 8, 2015, siege2055 from Stilwell, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

VERY easy to germinate with a little work, and I always have excellent success. I am not sure if they would be considered identical to the parent plant yet, but they look good to me. I start by cleaning off the seed coats but they may be toxic, I am not sure so be careful. I use house cleaning gloves just in case since I am cleaning a lot of them at once. I soak them in a container of water, then squeeze the seeds out. A good seed is large and round, with a little dot on one side, if its shriveled then its no good. Then I soak them in a mild bleach solution 1/10 for a couple of minutes to get rid of any remaining germination inhibitors, then wash in mild dish detergent to get all the bleach off, and the seeds by now should look very clean. I then put them in 72 cell trays with damp mix, ... read more


On Apr 21, 2010, PurKat from Oklahoma City, OK wrote:

I planted 3 quart size pots in variegated shade, ten years ago, & each have formed a 32 inch across beautiful round mound shape, with each putting off 75 plus stems with the pretty blue-violet-white tiny flowers, each year. I love how their leaves drape over, like a water fall! Every year I see new leaves forming in the middle. In Spring of 2010, I decided to collect the seed bulb, off the dry stems, from last year. These seeds are a deep blue-purple color, the size of a small English Pea. I am going to plant these seeds & see if I can have more plants. In early Summer of 2009, I planted 18 more one inch starter pot plants, in full direct sun, on my side front yard, down the property line. Then the harsh winter ice-snow blizzard with 70 mile hour winds, shredded many of the leaves... read more


On May 1, 2009, lshields from Sag Harbor, NY wrote:

Grows and flowers well in deep shade. Evergreen in zone 6.
Competes well with weeds. You can plant it and forget about it. After 1 full season I'm buying more.


On Nov 13, 2008, newhobby from Tolleson, AZ (Zone 9a) wrote:

This plant is great in our area! It receives mostly partial/filtered shade and has been stout through our summer heat! I have had it planted for 2 years now (planted it as a newbie gardener) and it is now sending out 'pups' that are easily dug up, shared, or replanted elsewhere!


On Apr 11, 2006, CarolynBF from Florissant, MO (Zone 5b) wrote:

Reliable plant, with spiky blue/purple blooms. I planted them at the base of a hillside in my backyard, up against the neighbor's fence. Nice effect, makes a tidy edge. On the hillside for contrast I have some Moonbeam Coreopsis (yellow flowers)--striking! In the fall, the liriope have small berries.