Monarda, Bee Balm, Beebalm, Bergamot, Firecracker Plant, Oswego Tea 'Blue Stocking'

Monarda didyma

Family: Lamiaceae (lay-mee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Monarda (mo-NAR-da) (Info)
Species: didyma (DID-ee-muh) (Info)
Cultivar: Blue Stocking
Additional cultivar information:(aka Blaustrumpf)




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Flowers are fragrant

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:


Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer




Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Dallas, Georgia

Jeffersonville, Indiana

Barbourville, Kentucky

Royal Oak, Michigan

Litchfield, New Hampshire

Glenshaw, Pennsylvania

Knoxville, Tennessee

Salt Lake City, Utah

Leesburg, Virginia

Concrete, Washington

East Port Orchard, Washington

Kalama, Washington

Black Earth, Wisconsin

Hartford, Wisconsin

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Sep 29, 2011, JenDion from Litchfield, NH (Zone 5b) wrote:

Nice violet color blooms. Quite a bit of mildew, starting in August in my Zn 5 garden, but I do overhead water. Also quite invasive in good soil, although easily yanked out with a tug.


On Jun 28, 2007, dicentra63 from West Valley City, UT (Zone 6b) wrote:

I planted my blue stockings in part shade near where the hose comes out of the house because it tends to leak. Given that Monardas prefer lots of water, they've done quite well.

They're also suceptible to powerdery mildew in early fall, which is a bit of a bummer, but the flowers are worth it.

One day in the garden, there was a sudden rainstorm. I looked to see that bumblebees were clinging to the underside of the blooms to escape the rain. It was cute as the dickens.


On Oct 19, 2006, Lady_fern from Jeffersonville, IN (Zone 6a) wrote:

The flowers are a blue-lavender color. Here is zone 6 it blooms late June-July. It's 3' tall in my clay soil and partial sun. It spreads about 8" out in all directions, but is easily dug in the spring. When it's done blooming, I cut it all the way back to the ground. The new foliage it puts out at ground level does not get mildew.

Like all bee balms, it attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. The plants are fragrant, and the flowers are good for cutting.

When dividing the plant in the spring, disturb the roots as little as possible or it will not bloom that year.