Philodendron Species, Velvet Leaf Philodendron, Heartleaf Philodendron

Philodendron hederaceum

Family: Araceae (a-RAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Philodendron (fil-oh-DEN-dron) (Info)
Species: hederaceum (hed-er-AYE-see-um) (Info)
Additional cultivar information:(aka Angra Dos Reis)
Synonym:Philodendron acrocardium
Synonym:Philodendron cuspidatum
Synonym:Philodendron micans
Synonym:Philodendron scandens
Synonym:Pothos hederaceus
View this plant in a garden


Vines and Climbers

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Light Shade


Grown for foliage


Foliage Color:



over 40 ft. (12 m)


12-15 in. (30-38 cm)


USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Can be grown as an annual

Suitable for growing in containers


All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From herbaceous stem cuttings

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Grass Valley, California

Bartow, Florida

Big Pine Key, Florida

Deland, Florida

Fort Lauderdale, Florida

Venice, Florida

Hawaiian Paradise Park, Hawaii

Keaau, Hawaii

Orchidlands Estates, Hawaii

Mount Vernon, Illinois

South Bend, Indiana

Deridder, Louisiana

Boston, Massachusetts

Cincinnati, Ohio

Hamburg, Pennsylvania

Gilmer, Texas

Liberty Hill, Texas

North Richland Hills, Texas

Odessa, Texas

Salt Lake City, Utah

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Oct 28, 2019, Kell from (Zone 9b) wrote:

Per Irene Ngoo at Min's Garden @tropicaljungle in Singapore in regards to her photos above:
"Awe-struck by this palm tree trunk which is covered by the velvety leaves of Philodendron micans from its foot to the crown where the fronds are branching from. The heart-shaped leaves which are almost quilted in texture, have completely wrapped around the trunk which I stumbled upon during my walk in HortPark this morning. Im inspired to do the same with the micans in my own garden. Depending on the light, the color of the foliage can take on a deep green, rich purple or a rust hue, with the new leaves emerging chartreuse, edged with pink. Vining in habit, Philodendron micans will cascade elegantly in a hanging planter, or can be trained to climb up a trellis or tree trunk."


On Aug 13, 2015, vinczyk from Salt Lake City, UT wrote:

I obtained a start of the plant from my friend, and she gave me a snipped off start, and told me to put it in water for a while before planting in soil. It has been a few weeks now and it still looks the same, except its leaves are curling. How do I know when it can be transplanted into its own pot?


On May 10, 2015, carolyn6point0 from Ypsilanti, MI wrote:

I have a freshly rooted cutting of a velvet leaf philodendron. It's leaves have started turning orange. Any idea why? Too much sun? Too much water? Disease?


On Jan 1, 2011, BarryZZZ from Waxhaw, NC wrote:

My family has had one of these plants for over fifty years. I am fiercely reactive to poison ivy and have been for as long as I can remember, my sister got into her sixties before becoming sensitive to the dreadful stuff as a result of a heavy exposure while weeding a flower bed. Some time after that, she re-potted her velvet philodendron and in a day or two a rash quite similar to that of poison ivy appeared on her hands, in a milder form. When I heard of this I tried an experiment, I cut a bit of the vine off and drew a small "X" and an "O" on the inside of my wrist with the juice from the cut end. In two days the rash showed up. I have a strong suspicion the plant contains urushiol or something very much like it. Simply touching it is no problem but I wear gloves for any extensive ... read more


On Nov 19, 2009, Eishau from South Bend, IN wrote:

I like this plant. I bought two from the local Wal-Mart. They were in bad shape due to overwatering at the store. I've had them now for about two months. They both have recovered! At first I thought something was terribly wrong with them because of the red tint. But after watching them, and looking in books, I realize that is their color. Yea, red is my favorite color. I'm a new gardner and I'm learning alot. Thanks for this site!!!!!


On Aug 25, 2006, BackyardZoo from Poquoson, VA (Zone 7b) wrote:

Growing very well in my cubicle-farm office. Took a little while to recover, but now has responded very well to a re-potting with good potting soil. Little other care needed beyond a touch of water each week.

Prefer it over other philodendrons that I've seen both for it's softer, velvety look and because it is much leafier, without so much bare stem between leaves.

Have had a few comments from people thinking the red tint to the leaves was an unhealthy sign, but like the unusual color myself.


On Aug 24, 2006, IslandJim from Keizer, OR (Zone 8b) wrote:

This is one of my favorite Philodendrons. I have it crawling up a slash pine [Pinus elliottii], and like many of its relatives, its leaves are getting larger the higher it climbs.