Ocimum, Purple Basil, Sweet Basil 'Purple Ruffles'

Ocimum basilicum

Family: Lamiaceae (lay-mee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Ocimum (OSS-ih-mum) (Info)
Species: basilicum (bass-IL-ee-kum) (Info)
Cultivar: Purple Ruffles



Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Grown for foliage


Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


12-15 in. (30-38 cm)


Not Applicable

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us



Bloom Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.1 to 5.5 (strongly acidic)

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

From herbaceous stem cuttings

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Leeds, Alabama

Phoenix, Arizona

Lakeside, California

Bartow, Florida

Miami, Florida

Honomu, Hawaii

Ewing, Kentucky

Mount Sterling, Kentucky

Fenton, Missouri

Silver Springs, Nevada

Bayville, New Jersey

Wilmington, North Carolina

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Yukon, Oklahoma

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

Austin, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas

Richmond, Texas

Radford, Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Mar 23, 2010, uhu from Lodi, CA wrote:

Grew them from seed and found that some of them emerged purple but all turned green in a few weeks. Will not seed again.


On Apr 17, 2006, terra1 from Richmond, TX wrote:

In our warm climate, Purple Ruffles has kept its color well. Of course, seedling offspring not true to parent, and nothing out-of-the-ordinary to look at, but with even stronger cinnamon-anise flavor.


On Apr 23, 2004, MonkeyArcher from Phoenix, AZ wrote:

this grew to be a beautiful two foot tall 'bush' that lived for three years in my front yard. Every two weeks we would cut it down to half size, and try to find more people in need of fresh basil. The last year it started looking a bit straggly, and a frost came and killed it for good. But I would definately try this one again.


On Dec 30, 2003, ChefWil from Washington, CA (Zone 7b) wrote:

I have found that heat and available nutrients change the plants color here in the N. California foothills. If I grow it in a shade house with ample nutrients and moist soil it will keep it's purple much better


On Aug 31, 2002, lupinelover from Grove City, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

My specimens usually revert to plain green soon after planting, especially in cool spring soil. Plants grown from seed have usually not come true, so that rooted cuttings are required to ensure the desired variety.


On Aug 11, 2001, mystic from Ewing, KY (Zone 6a) wrote:

Has dark-purple, crinkled and puckered leaves. Because the genetics of the purple basils are somewhat unstable, what starts out as beautiful deep garnet colored leaves can revert to green. Purple Ruffles is especially this way. Often a plant will have a gorgeous pattern of green and purple variegation for a while, and will then turn all green. The aroma of Purple Ruffles is rich and spicy and a little more anise-like than the flavor of Genova Basil.