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Beauty Leaf, Santa Maria, Galba, Alexandrian Laurel, Mast Wood, Antilles Calophyllum, Calaba Tree

Calophyllum antillanum

Family: Calophyllaceae
Genus: Calophyllum (kal-oh-FIL-lum) (Info)
Species: antillanum
Synonym:Calophyllum brasiliense
Synonym:Calophyllum brasiliense var. antillanum
Synonym:Calophyllum calaba




Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Flowers are fragrant

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

30-40 ft. (9-12 m)


Unknown - Tell us


USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Unknown - Tell us


Grown for foliage



Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:


Boca Raton, Florida (2 reports)

Pompano Beach, Florida

West Palm Beach, Florida

Gardeners' Notes:


On Mar 29, 2016, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

FLEPPC lists as Category I species those "that are altering native plant communities by displacing native species, changing community structures or ecological functions, or hybridizing with natives." This depends on "the documented ecological damage caused."

This list changes as research and documented damage accumulates. I've noticed that the info sheets from the UF/IFAS have not kept up with the FLEPPC lists---I'm sure this is due, not to a difference of opinion, but to lags in updating the information.

The FLEPPC lists do not have the force of law. Floridians can ignore them if they choose. But they are the most accurate and objective assessments available of the ecological consequences of planting the species on their lists, including this one.


On Nov 24, 2008, fauna4flora from Sinking spring, PA (Zone 5b) wrote:

This is a really beauiful tree. It is often specified in county and city jobs. It has the coveted "single leader" growth habit which seems to be relevant to hurricanes. Invasive is a relative term and this plant hasn't so much as set fruit on this property, let alone dispersed its rather large seeds.


On Jul 24, 2008, Jungleman from Pasadena, CA (Zone 9b) wrote:

jnana, NativePlantFan9, and Tetrazygia are on top of the invasives for South and Central Florida. I went to the web site for the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council and the people in charge are all very well versed in the local ecology, judging by their credentials.

I can understand having an affinity for one (or certainly MORE) of your prized shrubs, and not wanting to get rid of it - so for FLtropics, keep your lovely shrub! According to NativePlantFan9, there are so many of them already used commonly in the Caribbean Basin as landscape shrubs (and no eradication program seems to be in place at this time), certainly removing a single plant will make little difference!

That said, I would be the first person to say, "Don't buy it!", to anyone considering addin... read more


On Apr 16, 2007, Tetrazygia from Miami, FL (Zone 10b) wrote:

The Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council is an authority on the subject. The USDA Plants Profile shows the species to be naturalized in Monroe, Dade, Broward, and Martin counties.

There are many beautiful alternatives that are on no invasives list. Why even risk it?


On Mar 30, 2007, FLtropics from Pompano Beach, FL (Zone 10b) wrote:

On the contrary to the above comments, my tree is beautiful and the University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS) found (updated 2006) quote "This upright, bushy, medium to coarse-textured evergreen tree is densely foliated with four-inch-long, leathery leaves. Although able to reach 50 feet in height in the forest, Santa Maria tends to be a slow-growing, moderately-sized tree about 30 to 40 feet tall with a 40 to 50-foot spread. It is well-suited for planting beneath power lines 40 feet high. Small, white, fragrant flowers appear on one to two-inch-long racemes among the four to six-inch-long, glossy leaves. Well-suited as a street, parking lot, patio or small shade tree, especially for coastal areas...does NOT attract wildlife...LITTLE invasive potential...... read more


On May 18, 2005, NativePlantFan9 from Boca Raton, FL (Zone 10a) wrote:

This is an extremely invasive invader of coastal habitats in central and southern Florida (and also in the adjacent Bahamas southward into the Caribbean). It is a small to medium or large tree from 15 to 35 feet tall. It may sometimes or often reach 40 feet or more. It has oval-shaped, rounded leaves, small white flowers and large, round, hard oval seeds (fruits). It is a single, one-trunked tree. The seeds are rapidly spread by birds to mangrove swamps, disturbed coastal sites, canalsides, vacant waterside lots, mangrove swamp edges, coastal ridges and other similar coastal habitats (often near water) in central and southern Florida, the Bahamas and Caribbean, where they sprout and quickly crowd out native species and produce seeds, continuing the process of altering native plant communit... read more


On May 18, 2005, jnana from South Florida, FL (Zone 10b) wrote:

Highly invasive tree. Listed as a Category I of most invasive plants by the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. Should not be planted in Florida.