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Buddleja Species, Madagascar Butterfly Bush, Smoke Bush

Buddleja madagascariensis

Family: Buddlejaceae
Genus: Buddleja (BUD-lee-uh) (Info)
Species: madagascariensis (mad-uh-gas-KAR-ee-EN-sis) (Info)
Synonym:Buddleia madagascariensis
Synonym:Buddleja heterophylla
Synonym:Nicodemia madagascariensis



Foliage Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Flowers are fragrant

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)


8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)


USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade



Bloom Color:



Gold (Yellow-Orange)

Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring




Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From woody stem cuttings

From softwood cuttings

From seed; direct sow after last frost

By simple layering

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Berkeley, California

Brooksville, Florida

Miami, Florida

Naples, Florida

Gardeners' Notes:


On Aug 24, 2010, cestrum_SEQ from West of Brisbane,
Australia wrote:

It's supposed to be invasive in warm climates but it took four attempts before I got one cutting to strike. (This despite the parent plant growing to a huge size in the neighbourhood.) Virtually every online source describes this species as having fragrant flowers, but mine is unfortunately one of the stinky ones: it smells of cat pee! Not very strong, but I'd prefer to have a perfumed plant. Local government authorities say that, despite it setting seed overseas, it seems to be sterile in Australia as there's no evidence of it setting seed in this country.

Still, it's a very pretty flower and I'm glad I have it ...


On Mar 31, 2009, revlar from Brooksville, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

If you need a privacy screen or to block an unsightly view in a hurry this rapid growing shrub is for you. We planted it along a 50 foot property line fence for privacy and in 3 years it had grown to 15' high and 6' wide and so dense that you can't see through it. It can be pruned to form a hedge or allowed to branch naturally forming a rounded arching shape. The sage green leaves flutter in the breeze revealing the silvery gray underleaf...guess that's where the Smoke Bush name comes from. The flowers are unusual and small blooming in late winter or early spring here in Central Florida. The fragrance....there is almost none... should be described as closer to a peppery truffle oil.............not gym socks!
The only complaint is that it is not very cold tolerant.....temps in t... read more


On Jan 31, 2006, hortulusaptus from Berkeley, CA (Zone 9a) wrote:

A handsome plant, a large grower, worth having for the interesting foliage (dark green with white undersides) and white stems. The flower color is also very unusual for this genus. BUT, if you are offended by the smell of dirty gym socks, you might wish to position this shrub away from where you will be when it flowers - yes, a true stinker!! Apparently this species has abandoned butterfly pollinators in favor of flies! Have lots of fun having garden visitors sniff these beautiful flowers!! ;-)