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Black Maple

Acer saccharum subsp. nigrum

Family: Sapindaceae (sap-in-DAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Acer (AY-ser) (Info)
Species: saccharum subsp. nigrum
Synonym:Acer nigrum



Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade


Grown for foliage


Provides Winter Interest

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


over 40 ft. (12 m)


20-30 ft. (6-9 m)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us



Bloom Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From woody stem cuttings

From softwood cuttings

From semi-hardwood cuttings

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

From seed; direct sow after last frost

By grafting

By budding

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Boise, Idaho

Aurora, Illinois

Glen Ellyn, Illinois

Atalissa, Iowa

Iowa City, Iowa

Halifax, Massachusetts

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Bucyrus, Ohio

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jan 24, 2014, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

The Black Sugar Maple is just as handsome as its Common Sugar Maple brother. Its leaves are 3-lobed rather than 5-lobed and if it is the pure variety, it has two little stipules on the bottom of the leaf stem (petiole). There are many individuals with the 3-lobes, but no stipules. Its fall color ranges from bright yellow to orange to red. (Straight species Sugar and Black Maples growing in the richer, more alkaline soils of the Midwest usually color golden yellow while those in the more acid, less fertile soils of the East, as New England, usually color orange to red; though there are a few individuals that will color red in the Midwestern situation. Those trees that color red in the Midwestern situation are chosen as cultivars for that autumn coloration.) Black Sugar Maple is often a litt... read more


On Mar 1, 2008, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

There are good numbers of it at the Minnesota Arboretum. Can be tough to difference from Sugar Maple - generally but not 100% proof Black Maple only have bright yellow fall color - no red or oranges in it but still very lovely compare to some other yellows.


On Mar 16, 2007, berrygirl from Braselton, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:

Acer saccharum nigrum BLACK MAPLE Dec (z4) (NAm,Ed)
Boasting "all the fine qualities of the Sugar Maple: it is long-lived, stately, gorgeous in its autumnal coloration"(Peattie) & mid-westerners say !, yields more & better syrup; 3-lobed lvs, velvety beneath. S/M