Smilax bona-nox, also known as cat brier, has many leaf variations. Some are not speckled like this one and younger leaves are not as oblong. A vine or subshrub to avoid due to its spines. (San Anmtonio, Tx.)
Smilax bona-nox has splotched leaves and is also known as cat brier. It is a native Texas vine that has a large underground tuber that is very deep in the ground. It has sharp spines and is something I try to eradicate. A young leaf ... (San Antonio, Tx.)
Leaves turn yellow in the fall.
The fruits of this vine are black berries.
Photo taken in my upper pasture in Spicewood, Texas.
This is one hard dug root w/yardstick.
Greenbrier, Cowvine (Smilax bona-nox) leaves vary in shape and some are armed with small thorns as shown in the inset.
Greenbrier, Cowvine (Smilax bona-nox) unripe fruit which turn black when ripe and are readily eaten by wildlife.
Large load of Smilax roots I dug out today!
short length growth just above ground at the base of a large oak tree
thorny root ball located about 6 inches under ground
root ball grows from the nodules on the tuber at any given point in the length of the tuber
tuber that grows for long distances and creates new thorny root balls at any given point along the tuber
anywhere you see multiple vines breaking the ground, there is typically a root ball in the vicinity just beneath the soil
new growth just breaking ground usually has multiple leaves as opposed to regrowth of an old chute that typically has only one stem
Similax bulbs dug out from under my holly bush
Similax bulbs and a length of vine