Definition of pollardCategorized under "General"
Definition as written by Wingnut:
Lopping off the top of a tree and the limbs back to the trunk to promote bushy, dense growth of new foliage. Very similar, if not the same as, topping a tree. Do a websearch on crepe murder for some excellent examples. See also pollarding.
Definition as written by Picassa:
Pollard is a tree cut to harvest or control the branch canopy but keep a healthy branch collar on the stool or pollard head to supply annual sprouts.
Pollard cut trees are cut annually to harvest the wands. The pollard willow is kept to supply slender branches for use in basketry or other constructions. The cut stems can be used to make charcoal.
Pollard trees can be cut to simply control the canopy growth or further pleached into a hedge. To pleach a pollard the branches are cut to reduce size and the regrowth is woven together to form a dense webbed hedge that is then trimmed neatly. The original cut can be several meters above ground to create a hedge on stilts. If planted in parallel hedged rows it forms a pleached allee.
Traditional trees to cut are hornbeam, lime, beech, linden or plane trees, but the training process requires decades of time to achieve the final result.
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